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Dr. Rachna (Hathi) Majumder

  • M. D (Medicine), D. M (Endochrinology), MRCP (UK), FRCP (Edin.), BCLS and ACIS accredition,Moderate sedation certificate courses at Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Root cause analysis workshop,open communication with patients after an adverse outcome, Faculty induction and development courses ar Tan Rock Seng Hospital, Singapore., Habits signatureprogramme at TTSH, Singapore, MRCP TRAINING COURSES FOR PART 2 St.George’s Hospital Medical School,Tooting,London, March,2002, AND PACES at Ealing Hospital,Ealing,London, Feb 2004, Observership at Rotherham General Hospital 1 month 2003
  • 30 years experience

Dr. I.P.S. Koachar

  • MD from Maulana Azad Medical College, MRCPCH From London, MAMS from Vienna
  • 27 years experience

Dr. K.P.Singh

  • DM-Endocrinology-1991, FICN, MBBS 1985, MD (Medicine) 1988
  • 24 years experience

Dr. Sujeet Jha

  • MBBS - Shri Krishna Medical College, Muzzafarpur - 1995, MRCP - Diabetes & Endocrinology - Royal Colleges Of Physicians (uk) - 2002, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD) - Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff University, UK - 2004
  • 23 years experience

Dr. Manjunath Malige

  • MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine), MRCP (UK), MRCP (Endo,UK) FRSM (London), FACE(USA)
  • 20 years experience

Dr. Ritesh Gupta

  • MD
  • 20 years experience

Dr. Sudhendra Kulkarni

  • DM (Endocrinology), MD (Gen. Medicine), MBBS
  • 20 years experience

Dr. Shrirang Dabhade

  • MS – Nair Hospital, Bombay, FRCS – UK, Dip. Diabetes - (Bradford, UK), DMH - Belfast, UK, MRCGP - UK, Ex – Teaching Fellow, University of Liverpool, UK
  • 20 years experience

Dr. Krishna Seshadri

  • MD (Internal Medicine, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism)
  • 19 years experience

Dr. Srivatsa Ananthan

  • F.Diab (UK), MSC, CCDE
  • 14 years experience

Dr. Manish Shirsat

  • MD
  • 13 years experience

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Prasad

  • MB.B.S., M.D., DM
  • 9 years experience

Dr. Ankur Gahlot

  • DM (Endocrinology)
  • 7 years experience

Dr. Vineet Kumar Surana

  • 7 years experience

Dr. Nitin Gupta

  • D.N.B Endocrinology
  • 6 years experience

Dr. Srinivasa P Munigoti

  • 0 years experience

Dr. I P S Kochhar

  • MBBS
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Geeti Mahajan

  • 0 years experience

Dr. Atul Luthra

  • 0 years experience

Dr. Amar Pal Singh Suri

  • M.B.B.S
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Amrita Gosh

  • M.B.B.S
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Kanchan S Kewalramani

  • MBBS
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Sanjay A C Reddy

  • M.B.B.S, , M.D (Gen Medicine)
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Someshekar Reddy

  • MBBS, , M.D, (Med) , D.M. (endocrinology)
  • 0 years experience

Dr. P S Lamba

  • MD, DM (Endocrinology)
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Suryanarayana K M

  • DM
  • 0 years experience

Dr. R. Murlidharan

  • 0 years experience

Dr. Arun Kumar Singh

  • MBBS
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Manzoor Muzaffar

  • MBBS
  • 0 years experience

Dr. Tejal Lathia

  • MD, DM (Endocrinology)
  • 0 years experience

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About Diabetes

Often known as diabetes mellitus, Diabetes refers to a cluster of metabolic diseases that in indicated by high blood glucose or blood sugar. Glucose is obtained from the foods we eat. Insulin is basically a hormone that helps the glucose reach to your cells and release energy. In case of type 1 diabetes, the body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more general one, the body does not produce insulin sufficiently. In case of insufficient insulin, the glucose remains in the blood. One may also suffer from prediabetes. This indicates that your blood sugar is higher than usual level but not sufficient to be called diabetes.

People with type 2 diabetes can able to produce insulin but their body cannot use it properly.

The blood provides glucose to give the body with energy to carry out all daily activities.

  • The liver transforms the food one eats into glucose. The glucose is then discharged into the bloodstream from the liver between meals.
  • In a healthy individual, various hormones precisely control the blood glucose level, mainly insulin. Insulin is sourced by the pancreas, a small organ between the stomach and liver. The pancreas also discharges other crucial enzymes directly into the gut to help the digestion of food.
  • Insulin enables glucose to get away from the blood into cells throughout the body, where it is used for fuel.
  • People with diabetes either do not produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes), cannot use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes), or both (various forms of diabetes).
  • In case of diabetes, glucose cannot move properly from the blood into cells, therefore blood glucose levels go high. This not only makes all the cells hungry, which demand the glucose for various activities, but also damages certain organs and tissues coming under to the high glucose levels.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (T1D): The body stops generating insulin or produces insufficient insulin to control blood glucose level.

  • Type 1 diabetes is generally diagnosed during childhood or adolescence. It is meant to be referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
  • Insulin deficiency can affect at any age due to obliteration of the pancreas by alcohol, disease, or removal by surgery.
  • Type 1 diabetes also emerges from gradual failure of the pancreatic beta cells, the only cell type that generates major amounts of insulin.
  • People with type 1 diabetes need daily dose of insulin to continue life.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D): Though the pancreas still stashes insulin, the body of an individual with type 2 diabetes is moderately or completely incapable of reacting to insulin. This is often known as insulin resistance. The pancreas attempts to deal with this resistance by secreting more and more insulin. People with insulin resistance face type 2 diabetes when they fail to secrete sufficient amounts of insulin to deal with their body's needs.

Type 2 diabetes is usually located during adulthood, generally after age 45 years. It was once known as adult-onset diabetes mellitus, or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. These names are no longer applied because type 2 diabetes does occur in young people, and some people with type 2 diabetes require insulin therapy.

Type 2 diabetes is typically managed with diet, weight loss, exercise, and/or oral medications. However, more than half of all people with type 2 diabetes require insulin to regulate their blood sugar levels at some point during the treatment of illness.

Symptoms of type 1 type 2 include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive urination

Causes of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is basically an autoimmune disease. The body's immune system particularly attacks the cells in the pancreas that generate insulin.

A disposition to develop type 1 Diabetes may run in families, but genetic reasons (a positive family history) are pretty much common for type 2 diabetes.

Environmental aspects, such common and unavoidable viral infections, may also contribute to type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is most common among people of non-Hispanic, Northern European descent (especially Finland and Sardinia), followed by African Americans, and Hispanic Americans. It is relatively rare among people of Asian descent.

Type 1 diabetes is a bit more common in men than in women.

Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes has steady genetic connections, so type 2 diabetes tends to run in families. Various genes have been linked to type 2 diabetes, and many are under research related to type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for emerging type 2 diabetes include the following:

  • High blood pressure
  • High triglyceride (fat) levels in the blood
  • Gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
  • High-fat diet
  • High alcohol intake
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity or being overweight

Ethnicity, especially when a nearby relative had type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes. Specific groups (such as African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Japanese Americans) have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.

Aging: Aging is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Risk begins to surge up majorly at about age 45 years, and rises noticeably after age 65 years.

Diabetes Treatment in India

Different treatment options are available for diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is managed by the use of insulin (by multiple daily injections or pump), diabetic diet, and other lifestyle changes. Type 2 diabetes is typically treated with diabetic diet, lifestyle changes such as moderate to strenous exercise, and medication(s).


Treatments for Diabetes


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