Anorexia

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About Anorexia

Anorexia nervosa refers to a grave psychological condition and a possibly life-threatening eating disease. However, by opting for the right treatment, recovery is certain.The disorder commonly encompasses emotional challenges, an impractical body image, and an overstated fear of becoming overweight or obese.

The problem typically affects people in their teenage or early adulthood, but it can start in preteen years.

Anorexia Nervosa is categorized by determined energy intake restriction, powerful fear of gaining weight and disturbance in self apparent weight or shape. For some people, limiting their food and weight can be an option of managing areas of life that feel out of their control and their body image can come to define their entire sense of self-worth. It can also be a method of articulating emotions that may feel too multifaceted or frightening such as pain, stress or anxiety.

It is generally perceived that anorexia is more frequently found in females across the ages. However, latest population studies suggest that in adolescents, there is the same number of males and females suffering from this illness.

Symptoms of Anorexia

Anorexia nervosa is a complicated condition, but the primaryindication is generally heavy weight loss. The patient may also talk about being overweight, though objective actions, such as BMI, show that this is not real.

Behavioral changes may include a denial to eat, exercising unreasonably, and use of laxatives or vomiting after eating food.

Other physical signs and symptoms emerging from a deficiency of nutrients include:

  • extreme loss of muscle mass
  • listlessness, fatigue, tiredness
  • hypotension, or blood pressure
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • hypothermia, or low body temperature, and cold hands and feet
  • bloated or distressed stomach and constipation
  • dry skin
  • swollen hands and feet
  • alopecia, or hair loss
  • loss of menstruation or less normal periods
  • infertility
  • insomnia
  • osteoporosis, or loss of bone density
  • brittle nails
  • irregular or abnormal heart rhythms
  • lanugo, fine downy hair growing all over the body, and increased facial hair

Signs of vomiting encompass bad breath and tooth decay, because of the acid in the vomit.

Psychological signs and symptoms include:

  • extreme concern about being fat or overweight
  • recurrently measuring and weighing themselves and examining their bodies in the mirror
  • fixation with food, for example, reading cookery books
  • lying about food intake
  • not eating or refusing to eat
  • self-denial
  • lack of emotion or a depressed mood
  • reduced sex drive
  • memory loss
  • obsessive-compulsive behavior
  • irritability
  • over-exercising

Causes

There is no singlereason that has been recognized for anorexia nervosa. It possibly happens as an outcome of biological, environmental, and psychological aspects.

The following risk factors have been associated with it:

  • being vulnerable to depression and anxiety
  • having problem handling stress
  • being excessively concerned, afraid, or doubtful about the future
  • being perfectionist and heavily concerned about rules
  • having a negative self-image
  • having eating problems during early childhood or infancy
  • having had an anxiety disorder during childhood
  • holding particularthoughts regarding beauty and health, which may be prejudiced by culture or society
  • having an elevated level of emotional restraint or control over their own behavior and expression

The person may be extremely worried about their weight and shape, but this is not essentially the key factor.

Environmental elements may include the hormonal variations that occur during puberty, along with the feelings of anxiety, stress, and low self-esteem.Other environmental factors may include:

  • physical, sexual, emotional or another kinds of abuse
  • family or other relationship concerns
  • being bullied
  • a fear or exams and burden to succeed
  • a stressful life situation, such as bereavement or becoming unemployed

Biological and genetic factors

Studies have revealed that some people with eating problems may have an inequity in specific brain chemicals that manage digestion, appetite, and hunger. More research is needed to verify this.

Genetic influences may affect a person's exposure to eating disorders, as they can run in families. Between 50 and 80 percent of the risk for anorexia is considered to be hereditary.

Risk Factors

The likelihood of suffering from anorexia increases if there you:

  • Have a family past of an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia nervosa.
  • Have specific personality behaviors and emotional disorders, such as perfectionism, perseverance, anxiety, or low self-esteem.
  • Come across family, cultural, or social compressionsin regard to goals such as thinness, high achievement, or perfection.

Treatment Options

Treatment options may include medication, psychotherapy, family therapy, and nutrition consultation.It can be harder for an individual to accept that they suffer from anorexia, and it can be difficult to engage them in treatment, as the confrontation to eating is hard to break.

The objectives of treatment are:

  • To restore body weight to a healthy level
  • To treat emotional problems, including low self-esteem
  • To address distorted thinking
  • To help the person develop behavioral changes that will sustain in the long term

Psychotherapy

Consultation includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which concentrates on modifying the way an individual thinks and behaves. CBT can help a person to change the way they think about food and body weight, and to evolve effective ways of reacting to stressful or difficult situations.

Medication

There is no particular medication, but nutritional enhancements may be required, and the doctor may suggest drugs to manage anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or depression.

Prevention

There is no definite option available to prevent anorexia nervosa. Early treatment may be the most sought after way to prevent the disorder from developing. Understanding the early signs and seeking treatment right away can help prevent complications of anorexia those could be:

  • Cardiovascular problems: These involveslow heart rate, lower blood pressure, and injury to the heart muscle.
  • Blood problems: There is an increased risk of developing leukopenia, or low white blood cell count, and anemia, a low red blood cell count.
  • Gastrointestinal problems: Measure in the intestines slows majorly when a person is extremely underweight and eating too less, but this gets over when the diet improves.
  • Kidney issues: Dehydration can causeextremely concentrated urine and more urine production. The kidneys generally recover as weight levels improve.
  • Hormonal problems: Reduced levels of growth hormones may cause delayed growth during adolescence. Usual growth resumes with a healthy diet.
  • Bone fractures: Patients whose bones have not fully evolved yet have a majorly higher risk of developing osteopenia, or lessened bone tissue, and osteoporosis, or loss of bone mass.

Treatments for Anorexia

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