The specialty of spine treatments primarily deals with the management of spine-related disorders. The spinal column is one of the most critical parts of the human body, providing support to trunks and making all of bodily movements possible. Its anatomy is extremely well designed, and serves many functions, including:
All of the objects of the spinal column and vertebrae are meant to protect the spinal cord, which enables communication to the brain and mobility and sensation in the body through the complex interaction of bones, ligaments and muscle structures of the back and the nerves that surround it.
The normal adult spine is balanced over the pelvis, requiring minimal workload on the muscles to maintain an upright posture. Loss of spinal balance can result in strain to the spinal muscles and spinal deformity. When the spine is injured and its function impaired, the consequences may be painful and even disabling.
Humans are born with 33 separate vertebrae. By adulthood, we typically have 24 due to the fusion of the vertebrae in the sacrum.
The top 7 vertebrae that form the neck are known as the cervical spine and are labeled C1-C7. The seven vertebrae of the cervical spine are responsible for the normal function and mobility of the neck. They also protect the spinal cord, nerves and arteries that extend from the brain to the rest of the body.
The upper back, or thoracic spine, has 12 vertebrae, labeled T1-T12. The lower back, or lumbar spine, has 5 vertebrae, labeled L1-L5. The lumbar spine bears the most weight relative to other regions of the spine, which makes it a common source of back pain. The sacrum (S1) and coccyx (tailbone) are made up of 9 vertebrae that are fused together to form a solid, bony unit.
The spinal cord is covered by a protective membrane called the dura mater, which forms a watertight sac around the spinal cord and nerves. Inside this sac is spinal fluid, which surrounds the spinal cord.
The nerves in each area of the spinal cord are connected to specific parts of the body. Those in the cervical spine, for example, extend to the upper chest and arms; those in the lumbar spine the hips, buttocks and legs. The nerves also carry electrical signals back to the brain, creating sensations.
Damage to the nerves, nerve roots or spinal cord may result in symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness and weakness, both in and around the damaged area and in the extremities.
In all leading hospitals of India, there are dedicated spine treatment centers that are known to provide world-class patient care. If you wish to get best-in-class treatment, Healboat could be your ultimate partner in this regard. We have featured the most extended list of leading spine specialists and treatment centers that are second to none.
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