Surgical Oncology

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About Surgical Oncology

Surgical Oncology is basically a medical specialty that deals with the surgical treatment of a range of tumors. The oncology domain has three primary sections – medical, surgical and radiation. Despite the tremendous advances in medical and radiation oncology, surgical option is still the only modality with the great possibility to cure most compacted cancers. Surgeons play a great role in cancer treatments and research, leading the diagnostic and treatment pathways for various types of cancers from counseling patients about their diagnosis through to surgery and aftercare. They have also led many of the great advances in cancer research.

At healboat, we totally understand the disastrous effects of cancer in anyone’s life and provide all necessary medical assistance to people looking for effective centers of surgical oncology in India. Backed by steadfast hospitals networks, we are able to provide most effective and affordable medical treatment option in India to patients wanting solid cancer treatment.

Over the past few years, cancer disease has evolved a lot and not a single type of therapy is found to work best against the same. The key to success lies in the best combination of surgery and multi-modal therapies (with highly focused radiotherapy, targeted molecular therapies and poly-chemotherapy) that is becoming the modern level of care.

The surgical oncology domain has witnessed many advancements including:

  • Minimally invasive cancer surgery, (laparoscopic, Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES5), Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEMS))
  • Improved understanding of surgical margins (the TME in rectal cancer for example)
  • Sentinel node biopsy
  • Robotic surgery
  • Intraoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy (limb perfusion, HIPEC, IORT)
  • Reconstructive surgery (breast oncoplastic, head and neck surgery, bladder replacement techniques)
  • Enhanced recovery programmes

The surgical oncology procedures are generally performed in specialised cancer centers and India is one of those leading avenues that feature world’s best cancer centers of the world. Examples include cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC, sarcoma surgery, isolated limb perfusion, liver resection and laparoscopic cancer surgery. Understanding of these highly complex procedures is necessary for any surgeon dealing with a cancer site to prevent patients being denied access to these modalities. For example, the massive advances in the boundaries of liver resection mean that an inexpert surgeon might deny surgery to a patient whom a super-specialist would offer surgery to after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and portal vein embolisation. Clearly not every surgeon will be able to offer these advanced techniques, but if they work in that field they have a duty to be fully aware of what is possible with appropriate expertise and resources. This is only possible if all surgeons who deal with cancer have training and exposure to advanced surgical oncology.

It is envisioned that the ‘Advanced Surgical Oncologist’ will have a great level of relevant knowledge that transcends site specialisation, supplemented with a high level of advanced knowledge and technical expertise in the conduct of the surgical procedures relevant to their main disease site of interest.

Some leading surgical oncology procedures that are performed in India include:

  • Needle biopsy – removal of a small sample of suspicious tissue
  • Open biopsy – an incision is made and tissue is removed for pathologist examination
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy – lymph nodes are removed and examined to determine the stage of cancer
  • Lumpectomy – removal of the suspected cancerous tumor or lump in the breast
  • Mastectomy – most or all breast tissue is removed to treat breast cancer
  • Surgical treatment of other cancers – tumor and surrounding tissue is removed

In India, the commonly treated diseases through surgical oncology are:

  • Breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Endocrine cancer
  • Gastrointestinal tumors
  • Gynecologic cancers, such as cervical, endometrial/uterine, ovarian cancer and trophoblastic disease
  • Head and neck tumors
  • Lung cancer
  • Malignant melanomas
  • Soft tissue sarcomas
  • Urologic tumors

The surgical oncology teams at Indian hospitals focuses on the surgical treatment of solid tumors. Surgery can either be used as a primary form of cancer treatment or offered in conjunction with radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. Serving global communities, these cancer surgery teams rely on state-of-the-art equipment and technology and offer minimally-invasive procedures when appropriate.

We have a strong belief that the best chance for curing cancer is by following the following principles:

  • acceptable and appropriate biopsy and pathological review
  • staging the cancer
  • a multidisciplinary approach (considering the role of radiation and chemotherapy before or after the surgery)
  • a good cancer operation by an experienced surgeon
  • use of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery where designated
  • appropriate and timely follow-up
  • consideration of participation in a clinical trial

We are dedicated to the multidisciplinary approach to managing every patient’s cancer. Normally, preoperative consultation with the radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, or plastic surgeon is found to be quite effective in delineating the most sought after an approach for the given problem. Some very complicated problems may demand the involvement of other surgical subspecialists in the operation. Consultation is helpful before surgery.

A large number of patients benefit from further treatment (post-surgery) and are referred for consultation with the medical or radiation oncologist. Healboat has set up regular multidisciplinary conferences for patients with GI malignancies, and melanoma. These conferences are joined by all of the cancer physicians and allow us to discuss individual patient cases and arrive at the best treatment plan. Patients are helped by considering enrolling in available clinical trials in cancer care.


At HealBoat, our focus remains on creating an ecosystem where people and healthcare service providers can connect with each other so as to augment the level of healthcare services in the country. With our specialized web portal, people can easily browse through an extensive list of hospitals and doctors who can take them on a healthier, happier and fulfilling future. For any kind of healthcare need, HealBoat is undoubtedly the best choice indeed.

Our ground-breaking approach to healthcare delivery is poised to write new success stories in the field of Indian healthcare system. Finding a reputed healthcare expert was never so easy and fast. We have a strong and extensive network of hospitals that enables us match the varied needs of patients coming from various sections of the society. From high-end medical tests to complex surgeries, we have specialists who are known for providing exemplary medical care in India.

At the same time, for doctors and healthcare centres, we have emerged out as the most effective way of getting immense visibility in the domain. And all that at affordable cost! We strive to lessen your pain and intricacy in your life by providing you a trusted mechanism that just works for you.