Spine Treatments

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About Spine Treatments

The specialty of spine treatments primarily deals with the management of spine-related disorders. The spinal column is one of the most critical parts of the human body, providing support to trunks and making all of bodily movements possible. Its anatomy is extremely well designed, and serves many functions, including:

  • Movement
  • Balance
  • Upright posture
  • Spinal cord protection
  • Shock absorption

All of the objects of the spinal column and vertebrae are meant to protect the spinal cord, which enables communication to the brain and mobility and sensation in the body through the complex interaction of bones, ligaments and muscle structures of the back and the nerves that surround it.

The normal adult spine is balanced over the pelvis, requiring minimal workload on the muscles to maintain an upright posture. Loss of spinal balance can result in strain to the spinal muscles and spinal deformity. When the spine is injured and its function impaired, the consequences may be painful and even disabling.

Elements of the Spine

Humans are born with 33 separate vertebrae. By adulthood, we typically have 24 due to the fusion of the vertebrae in the sacrum.

The top 7 vertebrae that form the neck are known as the cervical spine and are labeled C1-C7. The seven vertebrae of the cervical spine are responsible for the normal function and mobility of the neck. They also protect the spinal cord, nerves and arteries that extend from the brain to the rest of the body.

The upper back, or thoracic spine, has 12 vertebrae, labeled T1-T12. The lower back, or lumbar spine, has 5 vertebrae, labeled L1-L5. The lumbar spine bears the most weight relative to other regions of the spine, which makes it a common source of back pain. The sacrum (S1) and coccyx (tailbone) are made up of 9 vertebrae that are fused together to form a solid, bony unit.

Spine Elements

  • Vertebrae: - The vertebrae support the majority of the weight imposed on the spine. The body of each vertebra is attached to a bony ring consisting of several parts. A bony projection on either side of the vertebral body called the pedicle supports the arch that protects the spinal canal. The laminae are the parts of the vertebrae that form the back of the bony arch that surrounds and covers the spinal canal. There is a transverse process on either side of the arch where some of the muscles of the spinal column attach to the vertebrae. The spinous process is the bony portion of the vertebral body that can be felt as a series of bumps in the center of a person’s neck and back.
     
  • Intervertebral Disc: - Between the spinal vertebrae are discs, which function as shock absorbers and joints. They are designed to absorb the stresses carried by the spine while allowing the vertebral bodies to move with respect to each other. Each disc consists of a strong outer ring of fibers called the annulus fibrosis, and a soft center called the nucleus pulposus. The outer layer (annulus) helps keep the disc’s inner core (nucleus) intact. The annulus is made up of very strong fibers that connect each vertebra together. The nucleus of the disc has a very high water content, which helps maintain its flexibility and shock-absorbing properties.
     
  • Facet Joint: - The facet joints connect the bony arches of each of the vertebral bodies. There are two facet joints between each pair of vertebrae, one on each side. Facet joints connect each vertebra with those directly above and below it, and are designed to allow the vertebral bodies to rotate with respect to each other.
     
  • Neural Foramen: - The neural foramen is the opening through which the nerve roots exit the spine and travel to the rest of the body. There are two neural foramen located between each pair of vertebrae, one on each side. The foramen creates a protective passageway for the nerves that carry signals between the spinal cord and the rest of the body.
     
  • Spinal Cord and Nerves: - The spinal cord extends from the base of the brain to the area between the bottom of the first lumbar vertebra and the top of the second lumbar vertebra. The spinal cord ends by diverging into individual nerves that travel out to the lower body and the legs. Because of its appearance, this group of nerves is called the cauda equina – the Latin name for “horse’s tail.” The nerve groups travel through the spinal canal for a short distance before they exit the neural foramen.

The spinal cord is covered by a protective membrane called the dura mater, which forms a watertight sac around the spinal cord and nerves. Inside this sac is spinal fluid, which surrounds the spinal cord.

The nerves in each area of the spinal cord are connected to specific parts of the body. Those in the cervical spine, for example, extend to the upper chest and arms; those in the lumbar spine the hips, buttocks and legs. The nerves also carry electrical signals back to the brain, creating sensations.

Damage to the nerves, nerve roots or spinal cord may result in symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness and weakness, both in and around the damaged area and in the extremities.

In all leading hospitals of India, there are dedicated spine treatment centers that are known to provide world-class patient care. If you wish to get best-in-class treatment, Healboat could be your ultimate partner in this regard. We have featured the most extended list of leading spine specialists and treatment centers that are second to none. 

Also read this: best exercise to relief from back pain

ABOUT HEALBOAT

At HealBoat, our focus remains on creating an ecosystem where people and healthcare service providers can connect with each other so as to augment the level of healthcare services in the country. With our specialized web portal, people can easily browse through an extensive list of hospitals and doctors who can take them on a healthier, happier and fulfilling future. For any kind of healthcare need, HealBoat is undoubtedly the best choice indeed.

Our ground-breaking approach to healthcare delivery is poised to write new success stories in the field of Indian healthcare system. Finding a reputed healthcare expert was never so easy and fast. We have a strong and extensive network of hospitals that enables us match the varied needs of patients coming from various sections of the society. From high-end medical tests to complex surgeries, we have specialists who are known for providing exemplary medical care in India.

At the same time, for doctors and healthcare centres, we have emerged out as the most effective way of getting immense visibility in the domain. And all that at affordable cost! We strive to lessen your pain and intricacy in your life by providing you a trusted mechanism that just works for you.

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