Skin Cancer

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About Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer is one of the most commonly occurring cancers among people of all ages. Alike any other cancer type, this type of cancer is caused due to the abnormal growth of dangerous cells. It generally progresses on regions of the skin that remain exposed to the sun’s rays. Skin cancer affects people of all colors and races, although those with light skin who sunburn easily have a higher risk.

Types of Skin Cancer

There are three major types of skin cancers: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. The first two skin cancers are categorized together as non-melanoma skin cancers. Other uncommon types of skin cancer include Merkel cell tumors and dermatofibrosarcoma protruberans.

Basal cell carcinoma is a cancer that develops on parts of your skin that get exposed to sun rays. It's natural to feel problematic when your GP tells you that you’re suffering from it, but do remember that it's the least risky type of skin cancer.

This cancer is dubious to extend from your skin to other parts of your body, but it can move nearby into bone or other tissue under your skin. Several treatments can keep that from happening and get rid of the cancer. The tumors start off as small shiny bumps, usually on your nose or other parts of your face. But you can get them on any part of your body, including your trunk, legs, and arms. If you've got fair skin, you're more likely to get this skin cancer.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most general type of skin cancer. It’s generally found on areas of the body damaged by UV rays from the sun or tanning beds. Sun-exposed skin includes the head, neck, ears, lips, arms, legs, and hands.

SCC is a fairly slow-growing skin cancer. Contrary to other types of skin cancer, it can spread to the tissues, bones, and nearby lymph nodes, where it may become difficult to treat. When diagnosed early, it’s easy to treat.

Certain things make you more likely to develop SCC:

  • Older age
  • Male
  • Fair-skinned
  • Blue, green, or gray eyes
  • Blonde or red hair
  • Spend time outside; exposed to the sun's UV Rays
  • Tanning beds and bulbs
  • Long-term exposure to chemicals such as arsenic in the water
  • Bowen’s disease, HPV, HIV, or AIDS
  • Exposed to radiation
  • Inherited DNA condition

Melanoma is not the most common type of skin cancer, but it is the most serious; it often spreads. There are many risk factors for melanoma, including one that is largely avoidable - overexposure to the sun.

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that arises when pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) mutate and become cancerous. Most pigment cells are found in the skin, although melanoma can also occur in the eyes (ocular melanoma) and other parts of the body, such as the intestines (this is rare). It is very rare in people with dark skin.

This cancer can develop on any part of the skin, but specific areas are more susceptible to than others. In men, the trunk (chest and back) is most likely to be affected by melanoma. In women, the legs are the most common site of melanoma. Other common sites are the neck and face.

Symptoms of Melanoma

  • Skin change - a new spot or mole or a change in color, shape, or size of a current spot or mole.
  • Skin sore that fails to heal.
  • Spot or sore that becomes painful, itchy, tender, or bleeds.
  • Spot or lump that looks shiny, waxy, smooth, or pale.
  • A firm red lump that bleeds or appears ulcerated or crusty.
  • A flat, red spot that is rough, dry, or scaly.

Skin cancer treatment for basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma is pretty much simple. Generally, surgical removal of the lesion is enough to treat it. Malignant melanoma, however, may need several treatment methods -- depending on the size of the tumor -- including surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy. Because of the complexity of treatment decisions, people with malignant melanoma may benefit from the combined expertise of the dermatologist, a cancer surgeon, and an oncologist.

In India there are many world-class cancer centers that provide exemplary cancer treatment for all types of skin cancer. If you’re looking to get the affordable and best treatment, Healboat could help you get the best results. We feature an extended list of hospitals and doctors so that you can browse through their details and choose the best.


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