Oral Cancer

Need Help ?


Customize Your Medical Trip Right Now !

Lorem Ipsum simply dummy text of printing and setting industry.

About Oral Cancer

Sometimes known as Mouth Cancer, Oral Cancer is quite common in people chewing tobacco. It tends to emerge out on the surface of the tongue, the lips, inside the cheek, in the gums, on the roof or floor of the mouth, in the tonsils and in the salivary glands. It comes into the category of head and neck cancer and its treatment is performed the same way as of head & neck cancer.

Signs and symptoms

In its initial stages, it generally produces no symptoms. However, it is necessary for smokers and heavy drinkers to get their oral cavity checked at regular intervals.

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Patches on the lining of the mouth or tongue, usually red or red and white in color
  • Mouth ulcers or sores that do not heal
  • Swelling that persists for over 3 weeks
  • A lump or thickening of the skin or lining of the mouth
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Loose teeth with no apparent reason
  • Poorly fitting dentures
  • Jaw pain or stiffness
  • Sore throat
  • A sensation that something is stuck in the throat
  • Painful tongue
  • Hoarse voice
  • Pain in the neck or ear that does not go away


In most of the cases, tobacco and booze are held responsible for the onset of oral cancer. Unattended, oral cancer will bring in one part of the mouth, and then extend to other parts of the mouth, to the head and neck, and the rest of the body. Mouth cancers generally start in the squamous cells that line the lips and the inside of the mouth. This is called squamous cell carcinoma.

Smokers are three times more likely than non-smokers to develop mouth cancer, and people who smoke and drink alcohol have up to 30 times higher risk than those who do not smoke and drink.

Other risk factors include:

  • Ultraviolet exposure on the lips, from the sun, sunlamps, or sunbeds
  • A diet rich in red meat, processed meat, and fried foods
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a digestive condition where acid from the stomach leaks back up to the gullet
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • Prior radiation treatment, or radiotherapy, in the head, neck, or both
  • Regularly chewing betel nuts, a popular habit in some parts of Southeast Asia
  • Exposure to certain chemicals, especially asbestos, sulfuric acid, and formaldehyde

Oral Cancer is often staged in the following way:

  • Stage 1:The tumor is under 1 inch across and has not reached nearby lymph nodes
  • Stage 2:The tumor measures 1 to 2 inches and has not reached nearby lymph nodes
  • Stage 3: Either the tumor is over 2 inches across but has not spread, or it has spread to one nearby lymph node on the same side of the neck as the tumor, and the lymph node is no more than 1 inch across
  • Stage 4: The cancer affects tissues around the mouth, lips, and possibly nearby lymph nodes; or it has spread to the rest of the body

If mouth cancer is found, the next thing is to determine the stage of cancer.

Tests include:

  • Endoscopy: - where a lighted scope is passed down the patient's throat to see how far the cancer has spread
  • Imaging tests: - such as X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT) scans, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Staging the cancer will inform treatment options and help predict prognosis

Treatment Options

Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor involves taking out the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue around it. A small tumor will require minor surgery, but for larger tumors, surgery may involve removing some of the tongue or the jawbone.

If the cancer has extended to the lymph nodes in the neck, the cancerous lymph nodes and related tissue in the neck will be surgically removed.

If surgery majorly changes the appearance of the face, or the patient's ability to talk, eat, or both, reconstructive surgery may be necessary. This involves using transplanted grafts of skin, muscle, or bone from other parts of the body. Dental implants may be needed.

Radiation therapy: - Oral cancers are especially sensitive to radiation therapy, which uses beams of high-energy X-rays or radiation particles to damage the DNA inside the tumor cells, destroying their ability to reproduce.

External beam radiation delivers radiation from outside, while in brachytherapy, radioactive seeds and wires can be placed near the cancer inside the body.

Brachytherapy is often used to treat patients with early stages of cancer of the tongue.

Radioactive wires or needles are stuck directly into the tumor, releasing a dose of radiation into the tumor. The patient is usually under general anesthetic. A course normally lasts from 1-8 days.

A person with early-stage mouth cancer may only need radiation therapy, but it can also be combined with surgery, chemotherapy, or both, to prevent the cancer from returning.

Radiation therapy may remove cancer if a patient is in the early stages of oral cancer.

Chemotherapy: - Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery are three treatment options.

Widespread cancer may be treated with chemotherapy as well as radiation therapy, especially if there is a significant chance of the cancer returning.

Chemotherapy involves using powerful medicines that damage the DNA of the cancer cells, undermining their ability to reproduce. Chemotherapy medications can sometimes damage healthy tissue.

Targeted drug therapy: - Targeted drug therapy uses drugs known as monoclonal antibodies to change aspects of cancer cells that help them grow. Cetuximab, or Erbitux, is used for some head and neck cancers. Targeted drugs may be combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

The following mild adverse effects are possible:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Breathlessness
  • Inflammation of the eyes, or conjunctivitis

HealBoat is your one-stop avenue to search for the best hospitals and specialists providing oral cancer care. Here you can browse through all leading hospitals and domain experts. 


At HealBoat, our focus remains on creating an ecosystem where people and healthcare service providers can connect with each other so as to augment the level of healthcare services in the country. With our specialized web portal, people can easily browse through an extensive list of hospitals and doctors who can take them on a healthier, happier and fulfilling future. For any kind of healthcare need, HealBoat is undoubtedly the best choice indeed.

Our ground-breaking approach to healthcare delivery is poised to write new success stories in the field of Indian healthcare system. Finding a reputed healthcare expert was never so easy and fast. We have a strong and extensive network of hospitals that enables us match the varied needs of patients coming from various sections of the society. From high-end medical tests to complex surgeries, we have specialists who are known for providing exemplary medical care in India.

At the same time, for doctors and healthcare centres, we have emerged out as the most effective way of getting immense visibility in the domain. And all that at affordable cost! We strive to lessen your pain and intricacy in your life by providing you a trusted mechanism that just works for you.