Gastric Cancer

Need Help ?


Customize Your Medical Trip Right Now !

Lorem Ipsum simply dummy text of printing and setting industry.

About Gastric Cancer

Gastric Cancer, also known as Stomach Cancer refers to the gathering of an abnormal cluster of cells that create a mass in a part of the stomach.

The majority of individuals diagnosed with stomach cancer either already has metastasis or sooner or later develop it. Metastasis is when the cancer spreads from the area where it first developed.

Around 90-95 percent of all stomach cancers are a type referred to as adenocarcinoma of the stomach. In this type, the cancer arises from the cells that form the mucosa, the most superficial lining of the stomach that produces mucus.

There are several symptoms associated with stomach cancer. However, as they also exist in many other much less serious conditions, gastric cancer may be difficult to recognize initially. It is for this reason that so many patients are not diagnosed until the disease is already well advanced.

Early symptoms of stomach cancer may include:

  • A sensation of being a full stomach (or rapidly full) during meals
  • Dysphagia (swallowing difficulties)
  • Feeling bloated after meals
  • Frequent burping
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion that does not go away
  • Stomachache, or pain in the sternum (breastbone)
  • Trapped wind
  • Vomiting (may contain blood)

Gastric Cancer Risk Factors

  • Certain medical conditions - including esophagitis, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), peptic stomach ulcer, Barrett's esophagus, chronic gastritis, stomach polyps.
  • Smoking - regular, long-term smokers have twice the risk of developing stomach cancer compared to non-smokers.
  • Helicobacter pylori infection - this bacterium is harmless for most people. However, it can cause infection and stomach ulcers in some individuals. Chronic ulcers pose some risk in the development of gastric cancer.
  • Family history - having a close relative who has/had stomach cancer.
  • Consuming foods which contain aflatoxin fungus - these may occur in crude vegetable oils, cocoa beans, tree nuts, groundnuts, figs and other dried foods, and spices.
  • Diet - people who regularly eat salted fish, salty foods, smoked meats, and pickled vegetables have a higher risk of developing gastric cancer.
  • Age - the risk of developing stomach cancer increases significantly after the age of 55.
  • Sex - men have twice the risk of developing stomach cancer compared with women.
  • Previous or existing cancers - patients who have/had esophagus cancer or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are more likely to develop stomach cancer. Men who have/had prostate, bladder, or testicular cancer are at higher risk, as are females who have/had cervical, ovarian, or breast cancer.
  • Some surgical procedures - especially surgery to the stomach or a part of the body that affects the stomach, like the valgus nerve.

Individuals with the signs and symptoms mentioned above must consult their doctor as soon as possible. The physician will check the patient about the symptoms, family history, possibly some lifestyle characteristics (eating habits), medical history, and carry out a physical examination to check for stomach tenderness or lumpiness.

Treatment of Gastric Cancer -


The surgeon's objective is to eliminate the stomach cancer from the body as well as a border of healthy tissue (important to ensure no cancerous cells are left behind). Examples include: Eliminating tumors from the stomach lining in early stage cancer - the surgeon will rely on endoscopy to detach very small tumors that are limited to the inside lining of the stomach - this is known as endoscopic mucosal resection.

Subtotal gastrectomy - a part of the stomach is surgically removed.

Total gastrectomy - the whole stomach is surgically removed Abdominal surgeries are significant procedures and may require prolonged recovery time. Patients may have to stay in hospital for 2 weeks after the procedure. This will be followed by several weeks of recovery at home.

Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)

In radiotherapy, energy rays are used to target and kill cancerous cells. Radiotherapy is not commonly used for the treatment of stomach cancer because of the risk of harming other nearby organs. However, if the cancer is advanced and/or causing serious symptoms like bleeding or severe pain, radiotherapy is an option.

Neoadjuvant radiation

Neoadjuvant radiation refers to the use of radiation therapy before surgery to make the tumors smaller so that they can be removed more easily.

Adjuvant radiation

Adjuvant radiation is radiation therapy used after surgery. The aim is to kill off any remaining cancer cells around the stomach. Patients may experience indigestion, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea as a consequence of undergoing radiation therapy.


Chemotherapy is a specialist treatment that makes the use of drugs to hinder rapidly-growing cancer cells from dividing and multiplying. These drugs are known as cytotoxic medicines. The medication travels throughout the patient's body and attacks cancer cells at the primary site of the cancer and any other regions it has metastasized to.

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is managed before surgery to contract the tumor so that it can be surgically elimianted more easily.

Adjuvant chemotherapy

Adjuvant chemotherapy is administered after surgery to destroy any cancerous cells that may have remained behind. Chemotherapy may be the preferred treatment modality for certain types of gastric cancer, including gastrointestinal stromal tumors and gastric lymphoma.

Targeted medications

Examples of targeted medications include Sutent (sunitinib) and Gleevec (imatinib), which attack specific types of abnormalities in cancerous cells for patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors.


At HealBoat, our focus remains on creating an ecosystem where people and healthcare service providers can connect with each other so as to augment the level of healthcare services in the country. With our specialized web portal, people can easily browse through an extensive list of hospitals and doctors who can take them on a healthier, happier and fulfilling future. For any kind of healthcare need, HealBoat is undoubtedly the best choice indeed.

Our ground-breaking approach to healthcare delivery is poised to write new success stories in the field of Indian healthcare system. Finding a reputed healthcare expert was never so easy and fast. We have a strong and extensive network of hospitals that enables us match the varied needs of patients coming from various sections of the society. From high-end medical tests to complex surgeries, we have specialists who are known for providing exemplary medical care in India.

At the same time, for doctors and healthcare centres, we have emerged out as the most effective way of getting immense visibility in the domain. And all that at affordable cost! We strive to lessen your pain and intricacy in your life by providing you a trusted mechanism that just works for you.