Breast Cancer

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About Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer found in women. Though there is no known cause of this cancer, there could be many risk factors behind the onset of breast cancer. One of them is increasing age. Another one is genes- BRCA1 and BRCA2 that pose this risk.

Other risks include excessive weight, using hormone replacement therapy (also called menopausal hormone therapy), taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35, and having dense breasts.

Breast cancer can be:

  • Ductal carcinoma: This begins in the milk duct and is the most common type.
  • Lobular carcinoma: This starts in the lobules.

Types of Breast Cancer

  • Invasive breast cancer - Invasive breast cancer (no special type) is the most common type of breast cancer. Find out about it and how it is treated.
  • Invasive lobular breast cancer
  • Triple negative breast cancer - Triple negative breast cancer is an uncommon type of breast cancer. Find out about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
  • Inflammatory breast cancer - This is a rare type of breast cancer. The breast might look swollen and red (inflamed) and may feel warm.
  • Angiosarcoma of the breast - Angiosarcomas of the breast is a type of soft tissue sarcoma. They start in cells in the walls of blood vessels or lymphatic vessels.
  • Male breast cancer
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) - DCIS means that some of the cells lining the breast ducts have started to become abnormal. Find out about how it is diagnosed and treated.
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) - LCIS isn't cancer. LCIS means that some cells lining the lobules of the breast tissue have started to become abnormal.

The primary symptoms of breast cancer include:

  • a pain in the armpits or breast that does not change with the monthly cycle
  • pitting or redness of the skin of the breast, like the skin of an orange
  • a rash around or on one of the nipples
  • a discharge from a nipple, possibly containing blood
  • a sunken or inverted nipple
  • a change in the size or shape of the breast
  • peeling, flaking, or scaling of the skin on the breast or nipple

Evaluation of Breast Cancer

Imaging Tests

  • Mammogram
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Biopsy - A sample of tissue is surgically eliminated for laboratory analysis. This can show whether the cells are cancerous, and, if so, which type of cancer it is, including whether or not the cancer is hormone-sensitive.

Treatment options -Treatment will depend on:

  • The type of breast cancer
  • The stage of the cancer
  • Sensitivity to hormones
  • The patient's age, overall health, and preferences

The main options include:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Biological therapy, or targeted drug therapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy

The surgical treatment options are:

  • Lumpectomy: Removing the tumor and a small margin of healthy tissue around it can help prevent the spread of the cancer. This may be an option if the tumor is small and likely to be easy to separate from the surrounding tissue.
  • Mastectomy: Simple mastectomy involves removing the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, areola, and some skin. Radical mastectomy removes muscle from the chest wall and the lymph nodes in the armpit as well.
  • Sentinel node biopsy: Removing one lymph node can stop the cancer spreading, because if breast cancer reaches a lymph node, it can spread further through the lymphatic system into other parts of the body.
  • Axillary lymph node dissection: If there are cancer cells on a node called the sentinel node, the surgeon may recommend removing several nymph nodes in the armpit to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Reconstruction: Following breast surgery, reconstruction can recreate the breast so that it looks similar to the other breast. This can be done at the same time as a mastectomy, or at a later date. The surgeon may use a breast implant, or tissue from another part of the patient's body.

The role of chosen hospital plays a great role in ensuring the effective treatment of breast cancer. At healboat, you can browse through the details of all leading hospitals and oncologists known for providing exemplary care.


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