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About Oncology

In simple terms, oncology refers to the term cancer, the deadly disease that has been affecting millions of people worldwide. Oncology is a medical discipline that involves the study and management of the disease. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. In general, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer.

What is cancer?

Each of the cells of the body has a fixed regulated system that controls their growth, maturity, reproduction and eventual death. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are different kinds of cancer, but they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.

Medical professionals who practice oncology are called specialists or oncologists. These oncologists have several specific roles.

The three major types of oncologists are medical, surgical and radiation oncologists;

  • Medical Oncologists specialize in treatment that uses chemotherapy drugs to kill cancer cells and reduce the size of tumors.
  • Surgical Oncologists focus on using surgery to remove cancerous tumors and often a margin of healthy tissue surrounding the tumor.
  • Radiation Oncologists specialize in treating cancer with radiation therapy, which are high-powered x-rays that kill cells.

Since most of the patients require a combination of two or more of these treatments, an oncology team is built to ensure best possible treatment for each individual patient. Oncology teams can also include oncology nurses and social workers that specialize in helping people with cancer.

The role of an oncologist is to diagnose, educate and treat patients that are dealing with cancer. There can be several options for treatment and the side effects of each can be very serious. If someone’s health is already fragile some treatments may do more harm than good.

Other types of oncologists include gynecologic oncologists, pediatric oncologists, and hematologist/oncologist;

  • Gynecologic Oncologists specialize in treating females with cancers such as uterine or cervical cancer.
  • Pediatric Oncologists treat children with cancer generally under the age of 18. Since children’s bodies are not completely grown yet, they respond differently to treatment than adults.
  • A Hematologist Oncologist is a doctor who deals specifically with cancer of the blood such as leukemia.
  • Neuro-oncology - that deals with cancers of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Hemato-oncology that deals with blood cell cancers.
  • Uro-oncology that deals with cancers of the urogenital tract like prostate gland etc.

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, or are assumed to have cancer, your medical consultant may refer you to an oncologist. A biopsy (tissue sample) will be accessed and evaluated by a pathologist. If it is found to be cancerous, you may have a number of diagnostic tests and scans to determine the size of cancer and to find out whether it has expanded. Oncologists work as a team to recommend a course of treatment for individual patients.

Types of treated:

Breast – The most prevalent form of cancer found in women in India, breast cancer is best treated when found early. Do ensure to carry out regular self-exams and schedule regular checkups with your gynecologist.

Lungs – Lung cancer mortality statistics have decreased over the years as the dangers of smoking have become more apparent, but it still remains a common form of cancer in the country. The treatment strategy is conceptualized for early detection and a continuing care plan that addresses the patient’s long-term care needs.

Gynecological  – Gynecological cancers are not rare in women. While it is never feasible to ascertain you are diagnosed with cancer, regular gynecological visits help to notice the warning signs early, enabling you to begin an aggressive treatment plan as quickly as possible.

Skin – This is the most common form of cancer and one of the easiest to treat, but like any cancer, it can expand to other parts of the body and become a much more grave issue. Be sure to check your body regularly for any strange blemishes or discolorations. If you have not done a self-exam in recent times, you may choose to schedule an appointment with a dermatologist to get a layout of all the non-cancerous marks that are already on your skin.

Genitourinary – These are cancers that affect the prostate, testicular region, kidney, bladder, and urinary tract. Oncologists rely on state-of-the-art surgical and non-surgical treatment procedures to help patients deal with hurting symptoms, improvise their quality of life, and remove the cells completely, if possible.

Looking for the best oncology care? Browse through a wide range of centers and oncologists right here at healboat. We strive to provide all-inclusive help to patients managing the deadly threat of cancer.


At HealBoat, our focus remains on creating an ecosystem where people and healthcare service providers can connect with each other so as to augment the level of healthcare services in the country. With our specialized web portal, people can easily browse through an extensive list of hospitals and doctors who can take them on a healthier, happier and fulfilling future. For any kind of healthcare need, HealBoat is undoubtedly the best choice indeed.

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