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About Endocrinology

Endocrinology is a medical specialty that encompasses the detailed study of the various hormones and their actions and disorders in the body. Glands are organs that constitute hormones. These are substances that help to manage activities in the body and have various effects on the metabolism, reproduction, food absorption and utilization, growth and development etc.

In simple words, endocrinology is a medical discipline that looks after the hormone-related diseases. A medical expert in this field is known as endocrinologist who is meant to diagnose and treat hormone problems and the complications that arise from them.

Hormones control metabolism, respiration, growth, reproduction, sensory perception, and movement. Hormone imbalances are the underlying reason for a wide range of medical conditions.

There are more than 50 hormones in human body. They can exist in extremely small amounts and still have a significant effect on bodily function and development.

The human endocrine system is made up of a number of glands, which release hormones to control many different functions. When the hormones leave the glands, they enter the bloodstream and are transported to organs and tissues in every part of the body.

A hormone imbalance can often be caused from genetic or environmental factors.

Some infants are born with hormonal problems that can lead to a range of health issues, such as low growth. Endocrine-disrupting chemicals, such as pesticides, lead, and phthalates, which are used in plastic food containers, can sometimes refer to hormonal problems.

There are three broad groups of endocrine disorders:

  • A gland does not produce sufficient amount of its hormones. This is known as endocrine gland hyposecretion.
  • A gland produces excessive amounts of its hormones, also known as hypersecretion.
  • Tumors develop in the endocrine glands. They may be malignant, or cancerous, but they may also be benign, or non-cancerous.

Possible complications

Adrenal Gland: - Hypersecretion may result into over-nervousness, sweating, raised blood pressure, and Cushing's disease. Hyposecretion may lead to Addison's disease, Mineralocorticoid deficiency, weight loss, loss of energy, and anemia.

Pancreas: - Hypersecretion may lead to hyperinsulinism, too much insulin can lead to low blood glucose whereas hyposecretion may lead to one type of diabetes.

Parathyroid Gland: - Hypersecretion may lead to brittle bones that fracture easily, as well as stones in the urinary system. On the other hand, Hyposecretion may lead to involuntary muscle contractions, or tetany, caused by low levels of calcium in plasma

Thyroid Gland: - Hyperthyroidism most often stems from Graves' disease. It can lead to accelerated metabolism, sweating, arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, weight loss, and nervousness. Hypothyroidism may lead to tiredness, weight gain, depression, abnormal bone development, developmental delay, and stunted growth.

Pituitary Gland: - Hypersecretion may lead to gigantism or excessive growth whereas hyposecretion may lead to slow bone growth and short stature.

Thymus Gland: - Hypersecretion may lead to an overactive immune system which overreacts to perceived threats. This may result in an autoimmune disease. Hyposecretion may lead to a weakened immune system, where the body is unable to fight infection and easily succumbs to viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens.

Endocrinologists commonly treat the following conditions:

  • Diabetes
  • Osteoporosis
  • Menopause
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Excessive or insufficient production of hormones
  • Some cancers
  • Short stature
  • Infertility

If you suspect that you have been suffering from these disease since longer period of time, it’s time to visit an endocrinologist who can examine your body and suggest assertive steps. To know about country’s leading endocrinologists and hospitals, HealBoat is right here. 


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