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Dr. Raman Kant Aggarwal

Dr. Raman Kant Aggarwal

Director - Bone & Joint Institute
25 Years Experience
Verified by HealBoat

Mon - Sat 10:00 am - 02:00 pm

Hospital for Hip Replacement

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About Hip Replacement

As it is quite clear from its name, this surgical procedure is carried out to replace the hip joint with a prosthetic implant. This surgery may emerge out as an option after a hip fracture or for extre pain due to arthritis.

There are different types of arthritis that may affect the hip joint.

  • Osteoarthritis: - This is a degenerative joint disorder that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. It may cause the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the hips.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: - This kind of arthritis causes inflammation of the synovial lining of the joint and results inexcessive synovial fluid. It may lead to severe pain and stiffness.
  • Traumatic arthritis: - This is arthritis emerging from an injury. It may also cause damage to the hip cartilage.

The primary objectivebehind carrying out hip replacement surgery is to replace the parts of the hip joint that have been damaged and to relieve hip pain that can’t be controlled by other treatments. A conventional hip replacement procedure involves an incision several inches long over the hip joint. However, the latest approach that involves one or two smaller incisions to perform the procedure is known as minimally invasive hip replacement.

For people suffering from
hip related pain and disability, hip replacement surgery is the most
sought after option. The most common condition that comes across the need for hip replacement surgery is osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is a disorder that causes loss of joint cartilage in the hip. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. People with severe pain due to degenerative joint disease may be unable to do normal activities that involve bending at the hip, such as walking or sitting, because they are painful.

Hip replacement may also be a good option for treating certain hip fractures. A fracture is an injury often from a fall. Pain from a fracture is severe and walking or even moving the leg is difficult.

If medical treatments are not efficiently managing arthritis pain, hip replacement may be an option. Some medical treatments for degenerative joint disease may include:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
  • Pain medications
  • Limiting painful activities
  • Assistive devices for walking (such as a cane)
  • Physical therapy

The procedure

During a hip replacement surgery, the injured bone and cartilage is surgically eliminated and replaced with prosthetic components.

  • The worn-out femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem, which has a ceramic ball on the upper part of the stem, is put into the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem may be either cemented or "press fit" into the bone.
  • The smashed cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place.
  • A plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow for a smooth gliding surface.

The patient is expected to be admitted to hospital for 4 to 7 days depending on the recovery. The surgical procedure normally takes a couple of hours. He or she willbe place under general anesthesia before you’re an Orthopedic Surgeon performs the surgery. Once the surgery is done, the patient will be placed in recovery room to ensure he comes out of the anesthetic safely.

Being a major orthopedic procedure, it is necessary to plan for this procedure in advance. At healboat, we could help you get the best surgeon and hospital for this procedure.

A majority of patients get pain-free walking, hiking, bending, stair & ladder climbing, kneeling, crawling and return to low-impact sports such as golf, swimming, cycling, social tennis, and most gym exercises. Some activities that demand extreme flexibility (such as some yoga positions) may not be possible as it is best to avoid risky postures, to avoid displacement of the hip.

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