Knee pain is very a common issue these days amongst the elderly people. However, the need to undertake Total knee replacement arises only in the cases of severe arthritis, severe knee injury or the Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease may cause the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees. In general terms, the surgery is conducted due to the broken joint resulting progressively in increasing pain, stiffness and inability to the patient to move normally. In the total knee replacement surgery, the damaged knee is replaced with artificial material. The knee joint is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg.
In the process of Total knee replacement, the end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. The end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a channeled plastic piece with a metal stem.
To begin the surgery anesthesia is given to the patient. Further, the surgeon will expose the knee joint, loosen the muscles and ligaments surrounding it, and turn the kneecap out of its place. Ends of the bones are precisely reshaped and the worn surfaces within the joint, including the back part of the kneecap, are removed. To move ahead the components of the artificial knee joint are then attached to the bone ends using specialized bone cement, and fitted together. The muscles and ligaments are repositioned and, if necessary, the ligaments are readjusted to achieve the best possible knee function.
As soon as the surgery is completed a drainage tube will be inserted to drain excess fluid from the new joint. The surgeon then closes the layers of tissue and the skin with stitches and a dressing is placed around the knee.
Before undergoing the treatment of total knee replacement it is very significant for the patient to go through the procedure of knee replacement and various risks associated with it. Here we have outlined some of the risk associated with the total knee replacement surgery-
There may be certain other risks also associated with the individual depending upon the medical conditions of patient.
It is very significant for every patient to undergo a recovery process in order to attain the best possible outcome of the total knee replacement surgery. The surgeons will recommend the patient to continue exercising the muscles around the replaced joint to prevent scarring (and contracture) and maintain muscle strength for the purposes of joint stability. Along with exercising a continued monitoring of the patient will be done to detect any infection, including abnormal redness, increasing warmth, swelling, or unusual pain.
With the updated technology and new surgical inventions, the Doctors provide the best knee replacement surgery in India in the most effective and cost-efficient manner. After undergoing the Total knee replacement surgery in India the patients can get back to the everyday activities they love to do, more comfortably and confidently within a month or two.