Motor neuron disease significantly put an effect on the nerves (motor neurons) performing the crucial function of giving instructions to the brain. When the person suffers from this disease the instructions from the nerves are not able to reach the muscles, leading them to weaken, stiffen and get damaged. The people affected by this disease may find it difficult to walk, talk, eat and breathe etc. This disease is life threatening with no cure.
Recently we lost a great scientist and the author Stephen Hawking. He was suffering from a type of motor neuron disorder Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. This disease affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, leading to muscle weakness, a loss of motor function, paralysis, breathing problems, and, eventually, death. The people who are suffering from this disorder have a life expectancy of 3-5 years. However Stephen truly a medical magic proved this wrong and lived for 55 years.
Broadly there are five types of motor neuron diseases each of them may not describe the completely different disease rather, they are just the different form of the disorder. Below we have described the four types of diseases-
The symptoms of the MND vary from person to person and largely depend upon the type of disease he is suffering from. However, there are some common symptoms we have outlined below that are faced by the people suffering from MND –
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Usually, there are no specific reasons for the development of MND in a person. However it is said thought that this disorder is caused by a combination of environmental, lifestyle and subtle genetic factors.
Currently, there is no cure for the motor neuron disease. However, we cannot say that nothing can be done for the people suffering from motor neuron diseases. There exist some treatments to help in minimizing the symptoms. Medications called riluzole or edaravone can be used to slow down the progression of the disease, often helping people live a few months longer.
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