Treatment

Hypertension Treatment in India

February 13th, 2018
Hypertension Treatment in India

Blood pressure is a significant indicator of health of our body and this is why checking BP remains the first and foremost procedure before the conducting of any other medical procedure. According to doctors in India, one should have the right level of blood pressure to avoid various complications. But due to various reasons, people suffer from various blood pressure related problems such as hyper tension and hypotension. Hypertension is a condition that is indicated by the rise in blood pressure.

In today’s fast-moving world, hypertension is one of the most commonly affecting problems among both men as well as women. If not treated on time, it could lead to various complications and most importantly increases the likelihood of heart disease, stroke and death.

What is blood pressure?

Blood pressure is defined as the force applied by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. The pressure related to the work being performed by the heart and the confrontation of the blood vessels.

According to medical experts in India, the usual range of blood pressure in Indian people is from 80 to 130. Hypertension and heart disorder are health concerns all across the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that the evolution of the processed food industry has affected the amount of salt in diets worldwide, and that this plays a major role in hypertension.

Some important details about hypertension

  • General blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is more than 130 over 80 mmHg.
  • Extreme causes of high blood pressure encompass stress, but it can take place on its own, or it can emerge from afundamental condition, such as kidney disease.
  • Untreated hypertension can cause a heart attack, stroke, and other issues.
  • Lifestyle aspects are the best way to treat high blood pressure.

There could be several reasons behind the increase in blood pressure from lifestyle factors to dietary changes. However, it is highly recommended to get it treated as early as possible to avoid the evolution of other issues.

Risk Factors

A range of risk factors elevate the likelihood of having hypertension.

  • Age: Hypertension is more prevalent in individuals aged over 60 years. With growing age, blood pressure can riseprogressively as the arteries get stiffer and narrower due to plaque build-up.
  • Ethnicity: Some ethnic groups are more susceptible to hypertension.
  • Size and weight: Being overweight or obese is a major risk aspect.
  • Alcohol and tobacco use: Takingheavy amounts of alcohol daily can increase an individual’s blood pressure, as can smoking tobacco.
  • Sex: The lifetime danger remains the same for males and females, but men are more prone to hypertension at anearlier age. The occurrence tends to be higher in aging women.
  • Ongoing health conditions: Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and high cholesterol levels can lead to hypertension, especially as people get older.

Other causative factors include:

  • physical idleness
  • a salt-rich diet linked with treated and fatty foods
  • low potassium in the diet
  • alcohol and tobacco consumption
  • specific diseases and medications

A family history of high blood pressure and badly treated stress can also cause hypertension.

Symptoms of hypertension

An individual with hypertension may not come across any symptoms, and this is why it is often known as the "silent killer." While unnoticed, it can source damage to the cardiovascular system and internal organs, such as the kidneys.

Doctors suggest that one should check the blood pressure at regular intervals so as to detect any kind of variation on time. It is sustained that high blood pressure causes sweating, anxiety, sleeping issues, and blushing. However, in some cases, there will be no symptoms at all.

If blood pressure reaches extreme levels, the person may face headaches and nosebleeds.

Complications

Long-term hypertension can lead to complications through atherosclerosis, where the creation of plaque causes the narrowing of blood vessels. This makes hypertension disastrous, as the heart must worktougher to supply blood to the organs of the body.

Hypertension-related atherosclerosis can cause:

  • heart failure and heart attacks
  • an aneurysm, or an unusual bulge in the wall of an artery that tends to burst, leading to severe bleeding and, in some cases, death
  • kidney failure
  • stroke
  • amputation
  • hypertensive retinopathies in the eye, which can cause blindness

Hypertension treatment in India

Though there are various options for hypertension treatment in India, it is necessary to choose the right one to decrease the likelihood of complications in future. According to reputed doctors in India, it is very important to begin the treatment for hypertension as early as possible so as to avoid long-term complexities.

While blood pressure is best managed through the diet before it ascents the level of hypertension, there is a variety of treatment options available in India.Lifestyle changes are the general first-line treatment for managing hypertension.

Daily physical activity

Doctors suggest that patients with hypertension must get involved in 30 minutes of moderate-intensity, dynamic, aerobic physical activity or exercise. This may include walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming on 5 to 7 days of the week.

Stress reduction

Evading stress, or emerging strategies for treating unavoidable stress, can help lower blood pressure amicably.Consuming alcohol, drugs, smoking, and improper eating to deal with stress can add more to hypertensive issues. Hence, they should be avoided.

Smoking can cause high blood pressure. Giving up smoking lessens the risk of hypertension, heart conditions, and other health issues.

Medications

People suffering from high blood pressure of 130 over 80 may resort to the use of medication to treat hypertension. Drugs are generally started one at a time at a controlled dose. Side effects linked with antihypertensive drugs are generally minor. Ultimately, a mix of at least two antihypertensive drugs is typicallyneeded.

There comes a variety of drug to help lower blood pressure, including:

  • diuretics, including thiazides, chlorthalidone, and indapamide
  • beta-blockers and alpha-blockers
  • calcium-channel blockers
  • central agonists
  • peripheral adrenergic inhibitor
  • vasodilators
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • angiotensin receptor blockers

The selection of drug depends on the person and any other conditions they may suffer from.

Anyone using antihypertensive medications should make sure that he carefully goes through labels, particularly before taking any over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as decongestants. This is because they may interact with medications used to lower blood pressure.

There are many hospitals in India known for offering best-in-class treatment for hypertension. From doing a thorough inspection of the underlying problem to delivering the best possible treatment, one can seek end-to-end care in the most powerful way here in India.

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