Treatment

Everything You Need to Know About 4 Stages of Heart Failure

April 3rd, 2018
Everything You Need to Know About  4 Stages of Heart Failure
When the heart is unable to function properly in the initial stage the chambers of the heart respond by stretching to carry more blood to, pump through your body. Due to this the blood moves for a while in the body of the person but makes the heart wall muscles weaker. Moreover, the kidney reacts to it by holding the water and salt in the body. As the heart condition of the patients continues to become adverse he will move to next stage.

Stages

Heart failure is the long-term condition that can have 4 stages (Stage A, B, C, and D). The first stage is that reflects the condition wherein the patient is at a high risk of developing heart failure while the last stage D reflects advanced heart failure condition. It is very important to determine the stage of cancer in order to get appropriate treatment.
The patient will continuously move to the next stage of this chronic condition as his heart muscle pumps less blood to his organs. At every stage, distinct medications, lifestyle behaviors, and cardiac device are used to provide relief to the patient.  
 
One thing to be noted about the treatment of this disease is that the aim of the treatment is to stop the patient from progressing through the stages or slow down the progression. This is because the patient cannot go back through the stages.

Below we will take a look at the various stages heart failure and their treatment options-

Stage A

which is considered as pre-heart failure stage i.e. the person is at a high risk of developing heart failure because of some family history or certain medical conditions.  These medical conditions may include the following- 
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Past of alcohol abuse
  • Rheumatic fever in past.
  • Cardiomyopathy family history
  • Past of cancer drugs that can harm the heart.
In order to treat the conditions of patients of at this stage following treatment options are recommended by the doctors
  • Physical exertion including regular exercising, being active and walking every day.
  • Quitting smoking
  • Curing high blood pressure condition
  • Treatment for high cholesterol
  • Not drinking alcohol or using recreational drugs
  • Medications

Stage B

The patients at this stage usually do not have the symptoms of heart failure but they are diagnosed with heart disease. This heart disease is the systolic left ventricular dysfunction, which means the left chamber of person’s heart doesn't pump well.  Some of the treatments of this stage disease include the following- 
  • Any of the treatment option listed in Stage A.
  • Use of ACE inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)
  • After a heart attack use of Beta-blockers 
  • Aldosterone inhibitor if the indication continues while the patient is taking beta-blockers and ACE/ARB medications
  • Surgery for coronary artery repair and valve repair or replacement
  • Use of Implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD)

Stage C

At this stage, the patient is diagnosed with cardiac dysfunction and has significant symptoms of this disease. Some of the indications of Stage C condition are as follows-
  • Feeling shortness of breath
  • Fatigue or extreme tiredness.
  • Reduced ability to exercise
  • Weak Legs
  • Waking up to urinate
  • Swelling of feet, ankles, lower legs and abdomen 
The treatment options for the patients at Stage C of heart failure are as follows- 
 
Use of ace inhibitors and beta-blockers
  • Use of hydralazine/nitrate combination for some people if symptoms are consistent
  • Use of diuretics (water pills) and digoxin if patient continue to have symptoms
  • When the symptoms become severe Aldosterone inhibitor may be used,
  • Use of angiotensin receptor blocker and neprilysin inhibitors
  • Use of the biventricular pacemaker
  • Use of Implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD)
  • Moreover, the doctor may recommend the patient to intake less salt, lose weight in case he is overweight and stop the consumption of drugs adversely affecting the heart.

Stage D

This is the final stage of Heart disease. Here patients have advanced symptoms and their condition is not improving with the treatments. 

Some of the treatments options that are used to treat the endpoint Heart diseases are as follows- 
  • Heart transplant
  • Ventricular assist devices
  • Heart surgery
  • Continuous infusion of intravenous inotropic drugs
  • Palliative or hospice care
  • Research therapies

Read More Blogs: - Warning Signs of a Heart Attack in a Woman

Conclusion
 
The treatment for Heart diseases is provided based on the stage of Heart diseases and the cause of it. Early stage detection helps in stopping the disease there only and prevents it from progressing to the next stage thus it important to look for symptoms of mentioned above.
 
Now, are your doubts about the stages of heart failure clear? If yes make sure to share this blog with the people around you and clear their doubts too. For any other information feel free to comment in the comment box provided below.
 

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