What are Kidney Stones and What Can You Do Prevent Them

What are Kidney Stones and What Can You Do Prevent Them

What are Kidney Stones and What Can You Do Prevent Them
  • Healboat
  • June 20th, 2018
  • Views 530

Kidney stones are sediment form of accumulation of dirt and other substances in the kidneys. They are of various types and these are determined by the constituents of the stone. 


Your kidneys are the janitors of your own body. These god-given filters have the job to filter the waste from your body and accumulate them for a proper flushing later that day, or early in the morning! However, at times, a lot of that dirt is not filtered our properly, it accumulated and eventually becomes a hardened crystal of uric acid, calcium oxalate and a whole gamut of other substances that include salt and sedimentation.

What are kidney stones?

Kidney Stones are basically sedimentation of salt, uric acid, calcium oxalate, and other stuff that is not filtered out from the body. When enough of the dirt is accumulated, this mass becomes hardened like a crystal. This crystal or a kidney stone is formed inside the bladder and can grow up to the size of a golf ball.

Types of kidney stones

Based on what are the constituent chemicals of the kidney stones, there are following types of this particular crystallized mass:

Calcium stone: The most common type of kidney stone, their primary ingredient is calcium oxalate. The cause of this type of issue is engaging with foods that are rich in oxalate like the following:

  • Peanuts
  • Potato chips
  • Beets
  • Spinach
  • Chocolate

However, here lies a paradox, consuming enough calcium to make your body stronger can also assist you in preventing getting a calcium based crystal.

Uric Acid: This form of crystallized growth is a lot more prevalent in men than women. It happens in people who are suffering from gout or have gone through the chemotherapy treatment. It happens due to high Purine levels in the body, and it can be prevented by preventing the following:

  • Fish.
  • Meats
  • Shellfish

Struvite: This form of kidney stone is more prevalent in women who have had or currently have urinary tract infection. This form of stone can grow large and the obstructions that they can create are larger than you would expect. In order to deal with this form of stone, the underlying cause of the urinary tract infection is treated first.

Cystine: They are the rarest variants of the kidney stones. The happen in both the sexes and occurs naturally with no known underlying cause because it can leak from the urine.

Also Read: tips to prevent kidney stones 

What are the causes of kidney stones?

The crystalline growth occurs because of the following reasons:

  1. Lack of water in the system: The filtered out trash should be able to soluble in the fluids in order to be passed as urine. 
  2. In environments that are acidic to an extreme degree, this form of stone is quite common.
  3. Urinary tract infection: the reason for stone in women.
  4. Medullar Sponge Kidney
  5. Hyperparathyroidism.

Symptoms of kidney stones

When the stone initially starts to form, there are no noted symptoms. However, painful symptoms start to emerge just when that stone reaches the urethra:

  1. Pain on the groin region
  2. A bloody urine because of a bit of skin tear
  3. You would be nauseated and would feel like vomiting most of the day.
  4. The urine is filled with pus
  5. You amount of urine you are excreting would be far less
  6. The urge of urination never goes away
  7. Chills and fever in case the body is under some sort of infection.

Foods that would allow you to manage the kidney stones

If you have kidney stone, you would need medical intervention under any case. However, in order to make the entire matter a little easier to handle, you would need to follow through the diet given below:

  1. Fluids are necessary: In the initial stages, there is still a chance to pass out the stone. To that end, indulge with as much water as you can handle.
  2. Make sure to reduce the amount of salt intake.
  3. Eat a calcium rich diet.
  4. Lemonades and orange juices are your ally.
  5. Limit the amount of protein in our body.

Visit here to know the best diet for kidney stone prevention

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