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Everything You Must Know About Cardiomyopathy

May 11th, 2018
Everything You Must Know About Cardiomyopathy

On the contrary to a common believe having heart diseases only mean a severe pain in the heart and then death. There are multiple types of heart diseases that can have adverse effects on human health. One such disease is the condition is of heart Cardiomyopathy. This is disease concerned with the muscles of the heart. In this condition heart muscle of a person sometimes get enlarged, thick or rigid. Moreover, in some rare cases, the muscle tissue is replaced with scar tissue.

If this condition remains untreated for a considerable period of time the heart of the patient becomes very weak. Thus it finds it hard to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. When this disorder becomes chronic and no cardiology treatment in India is availed it can often result in heart failure or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias. In addition to this, a weaker heart also results in other complications, such as heart valve problems. If the patient have end stage heart failure then heart transplant is necessary for alive. For this, there are many best heart transplant hospitals in India are available at affordable cost.

There are multiple types of cardiomyopathy including the dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia etc.  Now the question is what are the risk factors for cardiomyopathy?  The major reasons for cardiomyopathy are still unknown.  However, according to the study, one of the causes of this disease is genetic. In most cases the young people are at a greater risk of dying from genetic cardiomyopathy.

Cardiomyopathy Disease Symptoms

How would I know that I am suffering from cardiomyopathy? One of the ways to find out this is by discovering the symptoms. Our body showcases different symptoms for different kinds of disorders. It is very important for us to pay heed to those and get ourselves treated. Our body reflects cardiology diseases symptoms also. In the initial stage of this disorder, the person may not have any signs and symptom but as our heart becomes weaker there are certain symptoms. Some of the symptoms of this disorder may include the following-

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue,
  • Fainting attacks during physical activity,
  • Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats),
  • Chest pain, specifically after physical exertion or heavy meals.

If you are facing any of the symptoms and signs mentioned above make sure to consult a cardiologist as soon possible. Early detection of this life-threatening disorder can help you in getting the better treatment. On the contrary, if you will ignore these symptoms it can prove to be life-threatening for you.

Treatment

The treatment of cardiomyopathy depends upon various factors like the extent of damage to the heart and the resulting symptoms of it. One thing to be noted before we move forward to the treatment option is that this disorder cannot be reversed and we can just prevent the condition from becoming worse. Some of the treatment options may include- 

To some people medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers are prescribed to lower the blood pressure. Moreover, medicines like Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and digoxin can also be prescribed to help in decreasing the heart rate.

In addition to this, an antiarrhythmic drug is used to help to keep the heart beating with a normal rhythm. Another drug that can be used is called Diuretics. This is used to remove excess fluid and sodium from the body. Several other medications that can be used include Anticoagulants - "blood thinners" preventing blood clots.

Apart from using medication certain changes in the lifestyle can also help in relieving the symptom of this disorder. A healthy lifestyle encompasses the healthy diet and the physical exercises.

A healthy diet plan shall include fruits, vegetables, and foods that are low in saturated fat, Trans fat, and cholesterol. Moreover, salt intake should be reduced drastically. In addition to this smoking should be completely avoided and the quantity of alcohol consumption shall also be reduced.

The patient shall also take appropriate measures to prevent diabetes and blood pressure.  Furthermore, a patient should ensure to take advice from his doctors before performing any physical activity.

Other treatment techniques may include pacemakers used for controlling the heart beats and bringing them to the normal rate.

An attempt shall be made by using Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device to coordinate the contractions between the heart's left and right ventricles.

To control the life-threatening irregular beating of heart an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is used. This small device is implanted in the chest or abdomen and connected to the heart with wires. If an ICD senses a dangerous change in heart rhythm, it will send an electric shock to the heart to restore a normal heartbeat.

When none of the above mentioned methods works then as an end-stage treatment heart transplant surgery treatment may be used by the cardiologist.

Conclusion

If you are witnessing any of the symptoms of this life-threatening disorder make sure to visit best hospital for cardiology in India.

 

 

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