The field of nephrology is one discipline of medicine that looks after the diseases related to kidneys such as chronic kidney disorder, kidney stones, adrenal cancer, kidney failure and many others. There are many hospitals in India that are known to provide world-class nephrology treatment to people coming from different parts of the world. An expert who undergoes specialty training in the field of nephrology is called nephrologist.
Nephrology looks after the diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease, including electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the upkeep of patients needing renal replacement therapy, including dialysis and renal transplant patients. Several diseases affecting the kidney are systemic disorders not restricted to the organ itself, and may need special treatment. Examples include acquired conditions such as systemic vasculitides (e.g. ANCA vasculitis) and autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupus), as well as congenital or genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease.
Dialysis is one of the commonly chosen procedures for the treatment of a range of kidney diseases. Various kidney conditions are remedied by dialysis to eliminate toxins, mineral accumulation and excess fluid from the body when the kidneys have damaged. More than 2.5 million people count on timely dialysis treatment to prevent the further damage of organs these toxins can cause when they build up in the blood. Dialysis is done while the patient suffers with a kidney-related illness, at dialysis clinics prescribe by a nephrologist in India.
During dialysis, a special vascular access in the lower arm enables the dialyzer—the “artificial kidney” machine—to throw blood out of the body where it is filtered outwardly to eliminate the waste products and additional fluid. While the blood is “cleaned” in the dialyzer, the machine also examines the flow of blood outside of body and controls the composition of the dialysis fluid that is used to throw out the metabolic waste products before with the filtered blood is then thrown back to body. Anticoagulants may also be included to the dialysis procedure to avert blood clotting. Hemodialysis is typicallydone for at least four hours and three times a week, most commonly in a dialysis unit.
The peritoneal cavity—the lining of your abdomen—works as the filter for filtering the blood since it has characteristics similar to those of the dialyzer equipment. The pores in the peritoneal membrane enable specific substances through, while preserving others. In case of peritoneal dialysis, the blood is cleaned in the body through a tube or catheter that is inserted into the peritoneal cavity in the abdomen. The dialysis solution having glucose is injected through the tube and left to absorb the contaminants in your blood. Afterward, the fluid with the impurities of toxins and excess water is eliminated through the tube and thrown off into a bag and substituted with fresh solution. This procedure of filling and draining can be performedphysically during the day, or at home at night employing a cycler. There are two kinds of peritoneal dialysis: continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and automated peritoneal dialysis employing a cycler.
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