Transplantation

Life after Bone Marrow Transplant

June 14th, 2018
Life after Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone marrow is a spongy tissue present inside the some of the bones of the body like the hip and thigh bone. This tissue consists of immature cells that are often known as stem cells. These stem cells further form into red blood cells, white blood cells,and the platelets. Thus, bone marrow performs a very crucial function of forming the blood cells in the person’s body.

In certain instances, the bone marrow of the person is not able to function properly. The bone marrow of the person may become faulty when a person suffers from certain diseases, like Leukemia, thalassaemiaaplasticanemia, and sickle cell anemia, Multiple myelomas and immune deficiency diseases.

Having a healthy bone marrow is imperative for a person to lead a normal life. When no treatment options can help in curing the above-mentioned diseases as a last resort bone marrow transplant treatment is provided by the doctors to the patient.For the treatment, the doctor may take the stem cells of the person himself or of the donor. In both the situations initially chemotherapy and radiation therapy will be used to kill the damaged stem cells and suppress the immune system of the patient so as to prevent it from attacking the new stem cells.

Also need to follow healthy diet after bone marrow transplant for easily recovery.

What happens after the bone marrow transplant?

Throughout the transition period i.e. the period from coming home to returning back to the normal life the patient requires utmost care and family support.  The first month immediately after the transplant is the most crucial phase for the healing of the patient. The life after the bone marrow transplant will consist of following phases and precautions required to be taken by the patient-

  1. Within two to four weeks the new stem cells will begin to form new red blood and white cells. Also, the platelets will be formed.
  2. In case the transplant is conducted by taking the stem cells from the donor the patient is required to intake certain anti-rejection drugs to help the body in accepting the new stem cells and prevent the immune system from attacking them.
  3. The patient must make sure stay germ free in order to prevent any infections. The visitors are required to wear a mask while making a visit to the patient.
  4. For the first few months, the patient will feel tired and lethargic with much work. However, once the new stem cells are completely accepted by his body he can get back to his normal life. 
  5. The patient is recommended to look for the signs and symptoms of rejection of new stem cells from the body or the drugs taken by him. These signs and symptoms may include high temperature, respiratory issues, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, high blood pressure, trembling of hands, skin rashes etc.
  6. The patient must make sure to get vaccinated in the manner prescribed by his Doctor. These vaccinations will be required to be taken by him during the period varying from 6 months to 1 year.
  7. Follow skin and mouth care guidelines diligently. Like, try to cover your skin as much as possible to protect it from harmful radiations of the sun. Moreover, for mouth care make sure to clean your mouth at least thrice in a day especially after meals. 

Bone Marrow Transplant treatment has both the negative and positive impacts. In order to reduce severity of negative it is important for the receiver to take the above mentioned precautions.

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