Transplantation

Common Types of Lung Diseases and Their Treatment

May 5th, 2018
Common Types of Lung Diseases and Their Treatment

Are you diagnosed with lung diseases? The first thing you need to understand is that just being diagnosed with lung diseases does not put an end to your life. With the immense improvement in technology and expertise, there is lungs treatment in India for every lung disorder. In order to avail the best possible treatment, it is vital for a person to determine the lung diseases he is suffering from.  The doctors divide the lung diseases into two categories one is obstructive lung diseases and other is restrictive lung disease. The main distinction between two of them is that the people with obstructive lung disease create the conditions wherein the person is not able to exhale the air that is stored in his lungs. On the other hand, a person suffering from restrictive disease finds it hard to fully expand their lungs with the help of air. However, the major symptoms of both the diseases are similar to each other. With this article, we take a look at the various types of lung diseases and their treatment.

What are the types of lung diseases and their treatment?

Following are the types of lung diseases and their treatment options available-

Obstructive lung disease- These diseases are also called the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and they put an adverse effect on the airways or the air sacs of the lung. Due to these conditions, the airways become narrower or get blocked. As a result, the air is exhaled out of the lungs slowly or it does not exhale at all. A person suffering from this condition may discover the symptoms like shortness of breath, chest congestion, the formation of increased mucus, coughing and wheezing. Some of the obstructive diseases may include the following-

  • Asthma
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Cystic Fibrosis

Treatment

There is a treatment option available for both mild conditions and conditions. Thus you need not worry about getting the treatment. Below we have given certain treatment methods that can assist you in controlling symptoms, reducing the risk of complications and improve your quality of life.

Medications

For controlling the symptoms and providing the relief the doctors may prescribe certain medication for you. These medications are required to be taken by you on regular basis or on when needed. Some of these medications include Bronchodilators, Inhaled steroids, Combination inhalers, Oral steroids etc.

Lung Therapies

For treating the conditions of mild or chronic COPD the doctor may use the therapies like oxygen therapy and the pulmonary rehabilitation program. These therapies help you in increasing your capability of doing everyday activities improve your quality of life.

Smoking Cessation

If you are a smoker then as the lung disease treatment you will be asked to quit smoking immediately.  Not smoking at all is the only way to stop the condition COPD from getting worse.

Lung Transplant

If all other treatment methods are not able to provide any relief to the patient then lung transplant may be considered as an end-stage treatment method.

Restrictive lung disease

The Restrictive lung disease limits the ability of the person’s lung to expand properly and creates problems in the inhalation and exhalation procedure. These conditions affect the lung tissues by causing wear tear, inflammations etc. due to this, the lungs are unable to expand fully and find it hard to take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. The people suffering from these disorders face the symptoms like shortness of breath, chest congestion, the formation of increased mucus, coughing and wheezing. Below we have listed out certain restrictive lung diseases-

 Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Scleroderma
  • Autoimmune connective tissue disorder
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  • Pneumoconiosis
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Sarcoidosis

Some of the treatments of restrictive diseases include

Inhalers

These are the devices used to infuse medications into the lungs of the patient. They are helpful in controlling the inflammation and reversing the diseases.

Lung Therapies

When the oxygen amount is limited oxygen therapy is used. This therapy helps you in increasing your capability of doing everyday activities improve your quality of life.

Pulmonary rehabilitation

This therapy is used to teach the patient more about his condition, safe and effective exercise options, breathing techniques, nutrition, and how to use his energy.

Lung Transplant

If all other treatment methods are not able to provide any relief to the patient then lung transplant may be considered as an end-stage treatment method and the success rate of lung transplant in India is about 80%.

So, as you know the types of lung diseases and their treatment, you may find it easy to get the treatment.

 

 

 

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