What does success rate of bone marrow transplant mean? The success rate of the bone marrow transplant can be explained as the percentage of patients who received blood-forming (hematopoietic) stem cell transplants who have survived over the indicated period of time. It is important to measure the success of the bone marrow transplant so as to determine whether the treatment provided to the patient is effective or not. Moreover, it helps to improve the quality of the treatment provided.
Further, now let us understand what does the mean? A bone marrow transplant is a procedure wherein the damaged stem cells of a person body are replaced with healthy cells. It is very important to replace the diseased bone marrow as the bone marrow performs the crucial function of producing enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells required by the body. The damage to the bone marrow can be caused due to certain infections, bleeding disorders, or anemia.
For curing the bone marrow diseases broadly there are two types of treatment that can be provided to the patient. The type of bone marrow transplant largely depends upon the reason for which the patient needs the bone marrow transplant. The two types of bone marrow transplant that can be provided to the patient are as follows.
Autologous is a type of marrow transplant in which person own stem cells are used. The healthy stem cells of the person are collected from his body in advance and returned at a later stage. The autologous transplant is used to treat the multiple blood cancers including leukemia lymphomas and myeloma, and certain solid tumors – breast cancer, testicular cancer, osteosarcoma.
In contrast with the autologous transplant allogeneic transplants is concerned with the use of the stem cells from a donor. The stem cells from a close genetic match of the patient are used in this process to replace the diseased cells of the patient. Allogeneic transplant is compulsory if the person is suffering from a disease that has damaged his bone marrow cells. In this case, the patient may be put on medications to suppress his immune system so that his body doesn’t attack the new cells.
Today more and more best hospitals for bone transplant in India are emerging with the improved modalities and expert opinions improving the success rate of bone marrow transplant drastically. Also, the treatments are being provided in a cost-effective manner so as to enable every patient to seek the required guidance and the adequate treatment.
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