In recently, researchers say that the main reason of increase in Kidney stones is over prescription of oral antibiotics. Know about the causes, symptoms and diagnosis of kidney stones in children and also get detail about prevention ideal diet and treatment options.
The last non-operational resort for treating various medical conditions is the use of antibiotics. We all consume a huge number of antibiotics to get relief from the symptoms of diseases. Some of which are prescribed by the doctors while others are taken by us without any prescription. When it comes to taking care of the health of our children we all are a bitover protective, and over assertive about it. We give them medicines even for a little cough and cold. But do you even know what these medicines are doing to your child?
In a recent study, it has been found out that there are total five commonly prescribed classes of antibiotics putting the kids at a risk of developing kidney stones. These five classes include oral sulfas, cephalosporin, fluoroquinolones, nitrofurantoin, and broad-spectrum penicillin. According to the statistics, the overall rate of kidney stones has increased by 70% over the past 30 years, with particularly sharp increase among adolescents and young women. A total of 27 % of this risk has been associated with the use of medicines.
Before moving forward let us briefly understand what a kidney stone is? Kidney stones are the sediment comprising of some dirt and crystalline urine on the inner lining of the kidneys and can be passed to the urinary tract. In some cases, these stones are so small that they can easily pass through urine while in other cases they can cause extreme pain as they leave the body.
Usually, the kidney stones do not show any symptoms at the initial stages but with time they may cause certain painful indications. Below we have listed out some kidney stones symptoms that can be experienced by children-
As we have discussed above, the major cause of Kidney stone in a childis the use of antibiotics. However, there are several other causes that can be associated with kidney stones. Below we have listed out some of the other causes of kidney stones-
Heredity- Some children may develop these disorders genetically. One of the main causes of kidney stone is high levels of calcium. Calcium in the urine of the kid may be passed on from generation to generation.
Geographical Location- The people living in cities with hot climate combined with inadequate fluid intake cause dehydration in people that results in the concentration of urine. As a result, the chemicals are allowed to come in close contact to form the beginning of a stone.
Diet- If a child is taking a diet rich in salt it may increase his risk of developing kidney stones.
Medications- As we have discussed above certain medication can increase the risk of developing kidneys stones in Kids significantly.
The specific diet for kidney stones depends upon the type of kidney stone a person is suffering from. However, there are certain general food items that can be included or excluded from your daily diet plans in order to prevent or cure kidney stones. Let us take a brief look at them-
It is very important for every person to stay hydrated in order to avoid kidney stones. Water helps to dilute the chemicals that form stones.
Intake fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are the key ingredients of a healthy diet for any person. Including citrus fruit like lemons, oranges and grapefruit and their juice in your diet can help in reducing the risk of developing kidney stones significantly.
Eating calcium-rich food helps in reducing the level of oxalate in your body. Also, it not only helps you in preventing kidney stones but also helps to treat several other conditions. It is highly advisable, to focus on improving the calcium of the body by including natural food items in their diet rather than taking supplements. Some of the items that are rich in Calcium are as follows-
Milk and milk-based products like yogurt, cottage cheese
Foods that have high calcium content like bread, cereals. Furthermore, don’t forget juices for they also entail a rich calcium percentage
Beet salad: In this dish, you put for beets over some green veggies and cover it with some low-fat cheese and you have a food that can assist your kidneys.
Yogurt with berries
In order to reduce the risk of developing kidney stones, you should try to avoid sodium in your diet. This is because a large quantity of sodium may result in calcium build up in urine. One of the biggest ingredients containing sodium is salt. So you should try to reduce the quantity of salt content in your diet. Moreover, this will be good for your blood pressure and heart too.
Reduce intake of animal protein
Meat is rich source of protein. While it is tasty and healthy to some extent, if you overindulge, the amount of uric acid produced can’t be managed by kidneys. Moreover, it also reduces a chemical in urine called citrate. The job of chemical citrates is to prevent the formation of kidney stones in the body. Thus a person should mandatorily limit the intake of animal protein.
Avoid stone-forming foods:
Some of the kidney stones foods to avoid include beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and nuts.
In some cases following the dietary tips alone may assist a person in reducing the risk of kidney risk. However, in other cases added kidney stone treatment option like medications and surgeries may be used. One important thing to be noted here is that surgery is only used as an end-stage treatment option when the size of the stone is too large that it can’t be passed normally through urine.