The beautiful actress Manisha Koirala known for giving heart touching performances in movies like Dil Se, Bombay and 1942: A Love Story was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in November 2012. The actress didn’t lose her hopes and finally conquered this life-threatening condition in the year 2013 after the multiple sessions of chemotherapy and a surgery. In the multiple interviews actress accentuated upon the importance of paying attention to the symptoms of this condition for better success chances of the treatment. In order to triumph in a combat, it is very important to know everything about your enemy. So how can you initiate a battle against ovarian without knowing anything about it? With this blog, we will discuss everything about this cancer that is necessary for you to know either to prevent or treat it.
Ovaries are the reproductive gland in women that is responsible for producing eggs or ova. Ovarian cancer is a condition in which the abnormal cells in the ovary of a woman begin to grow uncontrollably and usually take shape of a tumor. In case no treatment is provided to this tumor its can spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening. Moreover, they are responsible for producing female hormones known as estrogens or progesterone. According to the study published in the Indian Journal of cancer Ovarian cancer is one of the third leading causes of cancer in India. Out of this huge number of diagnosis, only 45% is the survival rate. The main reason behind such a low survival rate is the delayed diagnosis. Diagnosed is delayed because the earliest symptoms of the disorder are vague and easy to dismiss.
In order to get this cancer diagnosis at an early stage only it is of utmost importance to know its symptoms and pay attention to them. The early stage symptoms of ovarian cancer are very similar to the common illness or are inconsistent. Thus, it is hard to detect them at early stages only. Here we provide you the list of common symptoms that can be related to ovarian cancer-
Having these symptoms does not necessarily mean that you are suffering from this cancer. They can be experienced every at any stage of their life. However, when these symptoms become recurring and severe then it might be an indication that you are suffering from ovarian cancer. So if you are having any of these symptoms consistently make sure to consult your doctor as soon as possible.
Knowing the risk factors of this condition is equally important as the symptoms are. The exact causes of this cancer are still unknown. However, there are certain common risk factors that are usually associated with this cancer as mentioned below.
One thing to be remembered is that having any of these risk factors does not necessarily means that you are suffering from this condition.
Just like every other cancer diagnosing ovarian cancer at early stages can help the patient in improving his success rate of the treatment. However, it is not easy to detect the presence of this condition in an early stage. It becomes difficult for a person to detect the presence of this tumor as our ovaries are situated deep within the abdominal cavity. One of the biggest problems is that this condition cannot be recognized with normal diagnostic screening. Thus, it is of utmost importance to pay heed to the indications of this cancer and get yourself tested as soon as you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above. For the diagnosis of this cancer, your doctor may undertake following examinations-
The next and most important step in the journey of fighting this life-threatening condition is getting the adequate treatment for it. After a person is diagnosed with ovarian cancer a team of doctor will work on him to choose the best treatment option. Here are some of the treatment techniques that can be used by the doctors solely or in combination with each other to treat the condition.
Surgery- In most of the cases, it is the first treatment method that is used to treat ovarian cancer. In this method, the doctor takes out a piece of your ovary to determine its stage and see how far it has spread the patient’s body. The extent of surgery requires depends upon mainly upon how far cancer has spread. In this procedure, the doctor may remove the ovaries, uterus, cervix, or fallopian tubes of the patient.
Chemotherapy- This treatment procedure is used to kill the cancerous cells in the body of the person. It can be used pre or post surgery to kill the remaining cells. In this treatment the patient will receive the strong medications through an IV or in some cases it will be injected into his abdomen. With this injection, the medication is able to go directly to the spot at which the cancer is formed.
Radiation therapy- It is a treatment method in which high-energy-e rays are used to kill the cancerous cell around the pelvic areas. It can also be used before or after treatment when it comes back after the treatment.
Targeted Therapy- It is a specific treatment method that finds and attacks the cancerous cells in particular while putting a minimum possible effect on surrounding cells. The medications given during this therapy works by stopping the cancer cells from growing and dividing any further.
Hormone Therapy- This therapy is used to treat the specific kind of ovarian cancer called the ovarian stromal cancer. In this treatment procedure, the patient is recommended to consume hormones or hormone-blocking medications.
Clinical Therapies- Studies are being conducted by the doctors continue to take a closer look at the treatment new procedures. The doctor may recommend you take part in this trial to give you access to the current state- of –the -art –treatments.
Also know about the: cancer treatment in India
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