In simple words, ovarian cancer refers to a malignancy of the ovaries, the female sex organs that are meant to produce eggs and the hormones - estrogen and progesterone. Treatments for ovarian cancer are advancing, and the best results are always seen when the cancer is detected early.
Ovarian cancer may not show symptoms, especially in the early stage. However, when symptoms do take place, they may include abdominal bloating or a feeling of pressure, abdominal or pelvic pain, frequent urination, and feeling full quickly when eating. These symptoms take place with many different conditions and are not related to cancer. It is better to discuss these symptoms with your doctor if they occur recurrently and persist for more than a few weeks.
Vaginal Bleeding : - Irregular bleeding is very much common among women with ovarian stromal tumors, which only account for 1% of all ovarian cancers. Stromal tumors often generate estrogen, which can lead to period-like bleeding, even in case of menopause.
Bloating : - Bloating is another most commonly occurring symptom of ovarian cancer. It occurs due to the increasing size of tumor which can become the size of a watermelon. A prolonged condition of bloating should always be examined precisely.
Cramps : - It’s not rare for tumors in the pelvis to source pain in the lower abdomen. And since the discomfort can feel similar to period cramps, many women assume the tummy troubles are benign. It’s very easy to overlookthe symptoms of ovarian cancer.
Back pain : - Continuous or recurring back pain could indicate that something is wrong with the ovaries. It is recommended to get it examined by a doctor to find out the exact source of back pain. The ache could be more intense than the back pain one typically experience from sitting at the desk all day.
Difficulty breathing : - Late-stage ovarian cancer can trigger breathing issues. As tumors grow bigger, they may start to press against the lungs and hinder a patient’s ability to inhale and exhale.
Indigestion : - This is common problem among women reeling under ovarian cancer as they tend to experience general discomfort in the abdomen. Bloating is a condition when the area below your stomach swells or feels full.
There can be various types of ovarian cancer, depending on the kind of cell within the ovary that became the source of the cancer. The bigger majority of ovarian cancers are epithelial cancers, or carcinomas. These cancers start in the cells that line the exterior of the ovary. Many times, tumors of these cells are not directly cancerous but still show some doubtful features. These are known as tumors of low malignant potential (LMP) and are less perilous than other types of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian Cancer Surgery
Surgery is carried out not only to detect and stage ovarian cancer, but it is also employed as a first step in treatment. Surgery to eliminate as much of the tumor as possible is generally performed. It is usually necessary to remove the uterus as well as the fallopian tubes, the unpretentious ovary, the omentum, and any other materials visible and over 2 cm in size if possible to thereby both unload and stage the ovarian cancer. Biopsies are also generally also performed of regions where ovarian cancer is probably to be blowout even if it is not seen.
Chemotherapy is generally performed after surgery for all types and stages of ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy drugs are typically given intravenously, or managed directly into the abdominal cavity (intraperitoneal chemotherapy). Latest medications have made such treatment more acceptable than in the past. It is regularly extremely effective, particularly if the ovarian cancer has been well debulked. Ladies with LMP tumors often do not need chemotherapy after surgery unless the surgical studies were primarily of concern or tumors emerge back.
New therapies for ovarian cancer have emerged out that may be focused on blocking tumor growth by prying with the production of blood vessels to supply the tumor. The procedure of blood vessel formation is called angiogenesis. The drug Avastin works by restricting angiogenesis, making tumors to shrink or stop growing. Avastin is used in the treatment of some other types of cancers, and it is currently being tested in ovarian cancer.