Mouth Cancer: Symptoms, Caused Diagnostics and Treatments

Mouth Cancer: Symptoms, Caused Diagnostics and Treatments

Mouth Cancer: Symptoms, Caused Diagnostics and Treatments
  • Healboat
  • November 24th, 2018
  • Views 322

Mouth cancer: Its symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment options. The purpose of this blog is to detail these to you. After going through this blog, you would know all that you need to know about mouth cancer as a person. To that end, if you or your loved somehow get marred by this disease, you would know who to contact with your issue.

 

Mouth cancer, as the name suggests, is a form of cancer that develops in the mouth. The parts of the mouth that are affected by it are the lips, the gums, tongue, inner cheek linings, mouth roof and the mouth floor. When this particular form of cancer occurs inside of the mouth, it is also called oral cancer.

A part of the head neck cancers. It goes through the same diagnostic measures as well as the treatments pertaining to the other forms of the head neck cancers.

Mouth Cancer Signs and Symptoms

The first symptoms that represent the red flags towards this particular disease are the following:

  1. The sore throat that is not healing properly
  2. A bleeding sore
  3. Growths that present themselves on the inner lining of the skin of the mouth.
  4. Loose teeth
  5. Tongue pain
  6. Jaw pain and stiffness
  7. Sore throat
  8. Difficult or painful swallowing
  9. Jaw pain and chewing of a painful nature
  10. Painful experience while you are trying to chew.

I any of these symptoms are persisting and more painful with each passing time, then you would need to make sure that you reach to the medical oncologist quickly.

Causes of Mouth Cancer 

The primary reason for the mouth cancer to appear is the mutation of certain cells that are present in the mouth. These mutations in turn cause to appear. Having not a proper life cycle, these cells persist in their growth. Soon, the entire growth spread across the mouth. They start with thin flat cells on the lip lines. Soon they aggravate into unseemly growths that furthers the spread of cancer in the mouth.

However, as for what causes the issue, it is not known. Therefore, the best course diagnosing this condition is to look at the following risk factors associated with the disease:

  1. Any kind of tobacco consumption
  2. Heavy usage of alcohol
  3. Excessive exposure of sunlight on your lips
  4. HPV, it is a sexually transmitted virus.
  5. An extremely weakened immune system.

Diagnosis of Mouth Cancer 

The diagnostic measures for this disease are as follows:

  1. Physical examination: A physical examination either by a general physician or the dentist can help ascertain the abnormalities of the mouth region.
  2. Biopsy: If the cause of the abnormalities is not that clear, a tissue of the abnormal region of the mouth is extracted and taken in the labs for testing. This process is known as biopsy.

These are the basic, yet effective diagnostic measures through which it is determined as to whether the patient ahs mouth cancer or not.

Treatment options

Once it is found that the patient indeed has mouth cancer, the next step is the treatment. The treatment options are the following:

  1. Surgical options: These are the first kind of options that are provided to the patient. There are different kinds of surgical treatments and each of them i subjective the cancer stage:
    1. Surgical removal of the tumour
    2. Surgical removal of the cancer that has spread on the back of the neck.
    3. Surgical mouth reconstruction
  2. Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy entails exposing the cancer cells to a high intensity radiation to kill them.
  3. Chemotherapy: Drug administration where the drugs used is a combination of multiple types of chemicals. This administration is done in an intravenous manner. The goal of chemotherapy is to kill the cancer cells.
  4. Targeted Drug Therapy: This can be construed as another form of chemotherapy, where the healthy cells are not affected by the drugs. The drugs are targeted towards the specific aspects of cancer cells.

Mouth cancer is not disease that cannot be treated. However, you would have to be careful and prevent the risk factors associated with it in order to prevent this cancer.

 

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