Chest cancer is a disorder characterized by the change in the cells in breast tissue which keeps on reproducing. The abnormal cells produced cluster together to form a tumor. These cancerous cells further make their way to the other parts of the breast and then they also spread to the other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system, a network of vessels and nodes in the body playing a crucial role of fighting infection. Usually, the breast cancer develops in the milk-producing glands of the breast (called lobules) or the tube-shaped ducts that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. It is most common cancer that is found in women all over the world.
Today the best hospitals for breast cancer in India have been developed advances in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Due to these significant developments, the survival rate for breast cancer has been improved significantly and the number of deaths has declined. The chances of curing the breast improve when it is diagnosed at an early stage. Thus it is crucial to take care of your breast health and look out for any breast cancer symbol.
Causes of Breast Cancer
Before knowing the symptoms let us first understand the multiple causes that are responsible for breast cancer. The most common reason is the genetic mutation in the DNA of breast cancer cells. However, it cannot be the sole cause of Chest cancer, rather there are several other reasons specified below which can cause breast cancer-
Age and gender- Breast cancer is more common to occur in women over the age of 40 years and is highest for women in their 70s.
Family background- The risk of breast cancer is higher if any of your close blood relatives is suffering from breast cancer. For instance the close relative like, the sister, mom or daughter of women is suffering from the breast cancer, the chances of the breast cancer in a woman also increases.
Pregnancy background- The risk of breast cancer is increased drastically in the women having no children or had a first child after age 30.
Genetic- Over 10% of the breast cancer is caused due to inherited genes. Presence of these genes does not make it mandatory that you will suffer from this cancer.
Weight- The chances of breast cancer in the women who suffer from obesity after menopause are higher. The reason behind this is the increased amount of estrogen produced by fat cells after menopause. Moreover, the insulin levels are higher in overweight women which may increase breast cancer risk.
Alcohol consumption – Women who intake two or more alcoholic beverages in one day are at the greater risk of developing the breast cancer than non-drinkers. Moreover, alcohol is a major cause of increasing the risk of several other cancers also.
Radiation exposure- When a woman undergoes chest radiation therapy as a kid or adult she is at the higher risk of developing breast cancer than normal.
Signs of Breast cancer
Below we have listed out the five most common signs of breast cancer in women-
The change in size and shape of the breast can be an indication of breast cancer. Moreover, in case there is a lump or area that feels thicker than the rest of the breast.
If there is a change in skin texture such as puckering or dimpling.
Redness or rash on the skin and/or around the nipple. Further, in case your nipple has become pulled in or there is the change in its position or shape.
A liquid coming from the nipple without squeezing them.
Pain in the breast or your armpit that’s there almost all of the time. Moreover, a swelling in your armpit or around your collarbone can be a symptom.
One important point to be noted here is that these symptoms do not mandatorily mean that you are suffering from breast cancer, but it may be caused by normal breast changes or a benign (not cancer) breast condition. However, if you notice such a change you must consult the specialized doctor.