In general, colon cancer refers to a cancer in the colon or rectum. The colon is a part of the large intestine in our body. There is an increased likelihood of the successful treatment of color cancer if found early. Even if it extends to nearly lymph nodes, the surgical option is found to be extremely effective in treating it.
In the most complexsituations — when the cancer has extended to the liver, lungs or other locations — treatment can help make surgery a feasible option for a large number of people , as well as extending and adding to one’s quality of life. Research is continually being conducted to learn more and give hope for people irrespective of the stage they are in.
Most of the colon cancers first appear as polyps, which are defined as irregular growths inside the colon or rectum that may later become cancerous if not eliminated.
Colon cancer generally affects men and women of all ethnic and racial groups, and is most commonly found in people of age 50 years or more.This disease is known to take the lives of more than 50,000 people every year. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in the world and the second leading cause of cancer death.
The diseases makes it onset by producing one or a few of symptoms. It is better to consult with a good doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.
Read More Signs and Symptoms of Colon cancer here.
Most colorectal cancers emerge from adenomatous polyps. Such polyps are made up of excess numbers of both normal and irregular appearing cells in the glands sheltering the inner lining of the colon. Over time, these irregular growths expand and finally degenerate to become adenocarcinomas.
The exact cause is not yet known but it tends to have several risk factors
Polyps: - Colon cancer generallyoriginates from precancerous polyps that exist in the large intestine.
The most general types of polyps are:
Some conditions and treatments have been linked with an augmented risk of colon cancer.
Some of the warning signs that should not be ignored in any case. They include: