Cancer

Get to Know More about Brain Tumors

February 16th, 2018
Get to Know More about Brain Tumors

Many times we see in films that people suffering from brain tumors go through an unexpected trauma which eventually leads to death. This frightens us and it is quite obvious to get anxious. Headache could be the first sign of a brain tumor and this may make people frenzy about this disease. To avoid over anxiety, it is better to seek precise and detailed information about brain tumor and their anatomy. In this post, we will try to provide you every single piece of information related to brain tumor.

What is a brain tumor?

A brain tumor refers to an unusual growth
of tissue in the brain or central spine that is found tointerruptnormal functioning of the brain. Doctors mention a tumor based on where the tumor cells created, and whether they are cancerous (malignant) or not (benign).

There could be four types of brain tumors:

  • Benign: The least destructive type of brain tumor is often known as a benign brain tumor. They emerge from cells within or neighboring the brain, do not feature cancer cells, cultivate slowly, and generally have clear borders that do not extend to other tissues.
  • Malignant: Malignant brains tumors are made of cancer cells and often do not show clear borders. They are meant to be life threatening as they grow faster and conquer surrounding brain tissue.
  • Primary: Tumors that begin in cells of the brain are known as primary brain tumors. Primary brain tumors may extend to other regions of the brain or to the spine, but hardly to other organs.
  • Metastatic: Metastatic or secondary brain tumors begin emerging in another portion of the body and then extend to the brain. These tumors are more widespread than primary brain tumors and are classified by the location in which they proliferate.

There are different grades of brain tumor. Tumor Grade Doctors group brain tumors by grade. The grade of a tumor refers to the way the cells look under a microscope:

  • Grade I: The tissue is found to be benign. The cells appear nearly like general brain cells, and they grow slowly.
  • Grade II: The tissue is malignant. The cells appear a bit abnormal than do the cells in a Grade I tumor.
  • Grade III: The malignant tissue contains cells that look extremely different from normal cells. The abnormal cells grow actively (anaplastic).
  • Grade IV: The malignant tissue contains cells that look highly abnormal and tend to develop quickly.

Symptoms of brain tumor

The symptoms of brain tumor may vary basis the type and location of tumor. It is also possible that a person with brain tumor encounters no symptoms.

  • Repetitive headaches
  • Vision loss issues
  • Seizures
  • Personality changes
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Poor coordination
  • Difficulty speaking or comprehending

According to brain experts in India, it is very much necessary for an individual to get himself or herself checked if he or she faced any such symptoms for longer period of time.

Brain tumorsare found to source symptoms when:

  • they consume space inside the skull during their growth
  • they cause certain symptoms due to their location in the brain

Most of the symptoms of brain tumour are very common and they could be the result of various other medical conditions.

It is the location of the tumor that determines the symptoms the patient may face. (Create similar kind of image given below and use it on page) The complexity of brain makes it difficult for doctors to treat brain tumor. In most of the cases, brain surgery is carried out to eliminate the tumor causing the problem.

Risk Factors

Any person can face a brain tumor but research has revealed that there are various factors that may increase the likelihood of developing the same.People who have earlier suffered from cancer are at higher risk as are the elderly and people who carry a family history of brain tumors.

HIV/AIDS patients are also twice as likely to counter a brain tumor and exposure to specific types of radiation also account for some growths.

Brain tumor treatment in India

India has emerged out as a world-class destination for people looking to get best-in-class brain tumor treatment. There could be several treatment options in regard to a brain tumor such as surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

The selection of a particular treatment option depends on various things:

  • The type and grade of brain tumor
  • Its position in the brain
  • Its size
  • Patient’s age and overall health

Brain Tumor Surgery in India

Surgery is typically the first and foremost treatment option for a majority of brain tumors. Before surgery starts, the patient may be given general anesthesia, and his scalp is shaved. Hepossibly won't need to shave the entire head. Surgery to open the skull is known as a craniotomy. The surgeon makes an incision in the scalp and employs a special type of saw to eliminate a piece of bone from the skull. The patient may be awake when the surgeon detaches part or the entire brain tumor. The surgeon removes as much tumor he can. The patient may be asked to move a leg, count, recite the alphabet, or narrate a story. His ability to follow the given commands helps the surgeon safeguardvital parts of the brain. After the tumor is eliminated, the surgeon shelters the opening in the skull with the piece of bone or with a piece of metal or fabric. The surgeon then stitches the incision in the scalp.

If the tumor is present in the brain stem or specific other areas, the surgeon may not decide to remove the tumor without causing damage to normal brain tissue. People who can't undergo surgery may receive radiation therapy or other treatment options.

Radiation therapy is found to destroy brain tumor cells with high-energy x-rays, gamma rays, or protons. Radiation therapy generally follows brain surgery. The radiation kills tumor cells that may stuck in the region. Many times, people who can't have surgery have radiation therapy instead.

 

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