Cancer

Blood Cancer- Signs, Causes, and Treatment

July 2nd, 2018
Blood Cancer- Signs, Causes, and Treatment

There exist stem cells in our body that further grows into red blood cells, White blood cells, and the platelets.  These stem cells exist in the bone marrow of the person where they develop and get matured into the different type of blood cells. Any problems arising in this process of development is the main cause for the formation of any kind of cancer.  Due to this condition of the blood, the large number of abnormal immature blood cells is formed that is not able to perform their function normally. Commonly the blood cancer can be divided into three categories leukemia, myeloma, and lymphoma.

Out of this leukemia and myeloma develops in the bone marrow affecting the bone marrow’s ability to produce normal blood cells, including white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. On the contrary, lymphoma develops in the in the lymphatic system of the patient having an adverse impact on the body’s ability to fight infection. In the coming section of this blog, we will discuss the signs, causes, and treatment of blood cancer as a whole.

Symptoms of Blood Cancer

It is not mandatory that every person suffering from blood cancer will experience the exact same kind of symptoms. In some cases, the symptoms may become too prevalent in early stages while in other they may be confused with the usual cold and cough symptoms.  However, there are some common indications that can be strongly associated with the presence of blood cancer. Below we have outlined main symptoms of blood cancer that can be commonly experienced by the patients- 

  • Coughing or chest pain
  • Fever or chills
  • Frequent infections
  • Itchy skin or rash
  • Loss of appetite or nausea
  • Night Sweats
  • Persistent weakness and fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swollen, painless lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin

Causes of Blood Cancer

 The exact causes of blood cancer are still not clear. However, there are certain causes that are often linked with the development of blood cancer. Some of these causes include the following-

  • Increasing Age
  • Family history
  • Weak immune system
  • Certain infections

Blood Cancer Treatment 

There are different types of treatment options that can be used to treat this condition of the blood. So how the best treatment option suitable for the patient is chosen? To choose the best method of treatment several factors like type of blood cancer the patient is suffering from, the overall health of the patient, symptoms, his age etc are considered. Here we have listed out some of the treatment methods of blood cancer that is can be used by the oncologist or the hematologist-

  1. Chemotherapy- It is treatment technique including the use of anticancer drug to completely destroy the cancer cells by creating hindrances in the ability of these cells to grow and divide. During the treatment apart from getting its benefits a person may face some side effects also like fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and constipation. However, once the treatment is over these symptoms also starts to disappear.
  2. Radiation Therapy- It is a treatment therapy that uses high energy x-rays or any other particle for killing the malignant cell.  This therapy is used in case of patients suffering from pains in bones.  In some cases, it may be given before going for stem cell transplant.
  3. Stem or bone marrow transplant- It is the last stage treatment option that I used when no other option is providing benefit to the patient. In this procedure, the healthy blood-forming stem cells are infused in the body of the person. These healthy stem cells develop into the healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and the platelets in the bone marrow of the person.
  4. Immunotherapy- This therapy also called biological therapy involves the use of person’s own immune system to fight this life-threatening disorder. The side effect of this treatment method is comparatively lesser than the chemotherapy.
  5. Blood transfusion- It is a treatment method used to replace the damaged cells with the cells donated by healthy volunteers like red cells, platelets, and other blood components.

 

 

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