All You Need to Know about Cervical Cancer

July 16th, 2018
All You Need to Know about Cervical Cancer

In the hassles of managing the family, professional work and ensuring the good health of everybody around them very often women forget to take due care of their own health.  In the rarest possible cases, they are able to diagnose the condition like cancer at an early stage only. In most of the cases, there are no significant signs and symptoms associated with any kind of cancer. Also, if the indications are available people do not pay adequate attention to them. One thing that is interesting about this cancer is that women start developing the precancerous changes in their body at the age of 20 or 30 while this cancer is most commonly diagnosed in the women with average age of 30 to 50 years. This means that there is enough time to recognize these signs and get early-stage treatment. With this article, we will discuss everything about this disorder including its symptoms; causes, diagnosis, and treatment that can help you manage this condition.

What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is conditions that develop in the uterine cervix that is present at the lower end of the uterus connecting the upper vagina.  During this condition, the abnormal cells start to develop in the cervix abnormally and sometimes begin to break off and spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system.  In comparison to many other cancers, the curing rate for this cancer is very high if detected early.  One thing that can enable you to detect the signs and symptoms at an early stage is having knowledge about them. So let us take a brief look at the various indications associated with cervical cancer.

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Symptoms of cervical cancer

One thing that can enable you to detect the signs and symptoms at an early stage is having knowledge about them. So let us take a brief look at the various indications associated with cervical cancer.

Early stage symptoms of cervical cancer

Vaginal bleeding: A women may experience bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse or post-menopausal bleeding.

Unusual vaginal discharge: It is common for women to experience a watery, pink or foul-smelling discharge.

Pelvic pain: Abnormal changes in the cervix can be indicated with the pain during sexual intercourse or at other times.

Having all these symptoms does not necessarily means that you are suffering from this condition. However, it can be an indication. Thus make sure to consult your doctor.

Advanced stages of cervical cancer

Advanced stage is the duration when cervical cancer has spread (metastasized) within the pelvis, to the lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body. An indication of this stage may include

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain or swelling
  • Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  • Bone fractures

Causes of cervical cancer

Apart from knowing the signs and symptoms, you must pay attention to the causes of this disorder in order to prevent it from developing into your body. Here are some of the major causes of cervical cancer.

  1. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection- One of the major causes of cervical cancer is the kinds of HPV virus. Most of the people who are sexually active once in a lifetime can come in contact with this cancer.  These viruses are mostly harmless however in some cases they cause changes that can contribute to cervical cancer. Not just this tumor HPV can contribute to the development of several another type of cancer also like anal, vaginal, vulvar, penile and some types of mouth and throat cancers.
  2. Sex- HPV types that are responsible for the development of cervical cancer are mostly transmitted when a person indulges in the sexual intercourse with the infected person. Women who have multiple sex partners or have indulged in sex at an early age are at a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  3. Smoking- It is a significant cause of cervical cancer and several other forms of cancer.
  4. Pregnancy- Women who give birth at an early age that is before the age of 17 years at a greater risk of developing this condition as compared to women who give birth to a child at an older age. Also, the women who have several pregnancies are at a greater risk of developing this condition as compared to others.
  5. Birth Control pills-   Continuous and long-term use of birth control pills can put you at a greater risk of developing than others.
  6. Weak immune system- The women who are suffering from HIV, AIDS or have undergone a transplant due to which their immune system is suppressed are at a greater risk of developing this condition.

Cervical cancer prevention

One of the most important that should be understood here is the prevention tips for cervical cancer. There are several measures that can be undertaken to reduce the chances of developing this condition significantly. Some of these tips include the following-

  1. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine - Some types of HPV increase the risk of development of this condition considerably.  It is important for every woman to adhere to the HPV vaccination programs and reduce their potential risk of developing this cancer.
  2. Practicing safe sex- HPV the major cause of cervical cancer is often transmitted during sexual intercourse.  Thus, practicing safe sex with the use of a condom is very necessary.
  3. Regular Cervical screening- Undergoing regular screening for cervical cancer can help in detecting the signs and symptoms of this condition at an early stage only improving the chances of survival. The screening will not detect the exact presence of cancer but will report on the changes in the cells.
  4. Avoiding multiple sex partners- More sexual partners increases the risk of developing HPV virus thus the likelihood of development of this cancer is increased. Thus, women should make sure to avoid sexual intercourse with too many men.
  5. Banning smoking- Women who are smokers are at a greater risk of developing this condition as compared to women who are nonsmokers.

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